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Table 1 Basic background information of participants

From: A population based survey in Ethiopia using questionnaire as proxy to estimate obstetric fistula prevalence: results from demographic and health survey

Characteristics Women experienced Fistula Chi square P-value
Region Yes %(95% CI) No (%)   
Tigray 1.6(0.80, 2.40) 98.4 26.59 0.003
Afar 1.0(0.78, 1.78) 99.0
Amhara 0.5(0.49, 0.51) 99.5
Oromiya 1.2(0.66-1.74) 98.8
Somali 0.0(0,0) 100
Benishangul-Gumuz 0.6(0.56, 0.64) 99.4
SNNPR 1.5(0.60,2.10) 98.5
Gambela 1.1(0.85, 1.95) 98.9
Harari 0.1(0.07,0.13) 99.9
Addis Ababa 1.0(0.69,1.69) 99.0
Dire Dawa 1.0(0.87,1.87) 99.0
Residence 2.33 0.127
Urban 1.4(0.46,1.86) 98.6
Rural 1.0(0.16, 1.16) 99.0
Age 12.70 0.048
15-19 2.0(1.28, 3.28) 98.0
20-24 0.9(0.88, 0.92) 99.9
25-29 0.6(0.58, 0.62) 99.4
30-34 0.6(0.57,0.62) 99.4
35-39 1.1(0.49, 1.59) 98.9
40-44 1.6(0.70,2.23) 98.4
45-49 1.9(0.79, 2.69) 98.1
Education 5.99 0.112
No education 1.0(0.17, 1.17) 99.0
Primary 1.3(0.56,1.86) 98.7
Secondary and higher 1.0(0.58, 1.58) 99.0
Wealth 3.27 0.514
Poorest 1.3(0.44, 1.74) 98.7
Poorer 0.9(0.89, 0.91) 99.1
Middle 0.6(0.58, 0.62) 99.4
Richer 1.6(0.62,2.22) 98.4
Richest 1.0(0.45, 1.45) 99.0
Parity 9.19 0.010
1-4 0.9(0.89, 0.91) 99.1
5-9 1.1(0.29, 1.29) 98.9
10+ 2.4(1.44, 3.84) 97.6
Age at first birth 2.71 0.260
<15 1.2(0.67, 1.87) 98.8
15-20 0.98(0.97, 0.99) 99.02
>20 0.9(0.88, 0.91) 99.1
Circumcision 4.41 0.036
Yes 1.5(0.20, 1.70) 98.5
No 1.0(0.39, 1.39) 99.0
Age at marriage 0.89 0.640
<15 1.3(0.34, 1.64) 98.7
15-20 0.8(0.79, 0.81) 99.2
>20 0.9(0.88, 0.92) 99.1
Height 3.99 0.046
<1.5 meter 0.2(0.17, 0.23) 99.8
> = 1.5 meters 1.1(0.28, 1.38) 98.9
Marriage by abduction 0.180 0.671
Yes 1.3(0.73, 2.03) 98.7
No 1.1(0.18, 1.28) 98.9