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Table 3 Demographic characteristics and their association with HIV test and intention to test for HIV

From: HIV/AIDS knowledge and uptake of HIV counselling and testing among undergraduate private university students in Accra, Ghana

Characteristics Have ever tested for HIV (N = 324) Will test for HIV in the future (N = 324)
  Yes No χ2 Yes No χ2
  N (%) N (%) ( p- value) N (%) N (%) ( p- value)
Age Ranges    0.004    0.115
 17– 20 32 (21.8) 61 (34.5)   55 (27.1) 38 (31.4)  
 21 – 25 77 (52.4) 93 (52.5)   111 (54.7) 59 (48.8)  
 26 – 30 27 (18.3) 20 (11.3)   32 (15.8) 15 (12.4)  
 31+ 11 (7.5) 3 (1.7)   5 (2.4) 9 (7.4)  
Gender    0.748    0.001
 Male 84 (57.1) 98 (55.4)   136 (67.0) 46 (38.0)  
 Female 63 (42.9) 79 (44.6)   67 (33.0) 75 (62.0)  
Marital Status    0.001    0.046
 Single 87 (59.2) 109 (61.6)   133 (65.5) 63 (52.1)  
 Married 24 (16.3) 8 (4.5)   16 (7.9) 16 (13.2)  
 In relationship 36 (24.5) 60 (33.9)   54 (26.6) 42 (34.7)  
Religious Affiliation    0.027    0.209
 Christian 145 (98.6) 166 (93.8)   197 (97.0) 114 (94.2)  
 Muslims 2 (1.4) 11 (6.2)   6 (3.0) 7 (5.8)  
Years in School    0.416    0.197
 First year 79 (53.7) 89 (50.3)   113 (55.7) 55 (45.5)  
 Second year 41 (27.9) 61 (34.5)   58 (28.6) 44 (36.4)  
 Third year 27 (18.4) 27 (15.3)   32 (15.7) 22 (18.1)  
Knowledge of a place to get tested    0.003    0.633
 Yes 141(95.9) 153 (86.4)   183 (90.1) 111 (91.7)  
 No 6 (4.1) 24 (13.6)   20 (9.9) 10 (8.3)  
Routes of HIV transmission Identified    0.001    0.762
 None - 12(6.8)   6(3.0) 6(5.0)  
 Single route 24(16.3) 48(27.1)   47(23.2) 25(20.7)  
 Two routes 84(57.1) 78(44.1)   100(49.3) 62(51.2)  
 Three or more routes 39(26.5) 39(22.0)   50(23.5) 28(23.1)  
HIV knowledge    0.570    0.203
 Low (0–6) 39(26.5) 52(29.4)   62(30.5) 29(24)  
 High (7–12) 108(73.5) 125(70.6)   141(69.5) 92(76)