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Table 2 Priority evidence-based packages and interventions for preterm babies.

From: Born Too Soon: Care for the preterm baby

  Grade
Essential Newborn Care For All Babies  
Thermal care (drying, warming, skin-to-skin and delayed bathing) Hygienic cord and skin care Early initiation, exclusive breastfeeding Evidence: Low to moderate Recommendation: Strong
Neonatal resuscitation for babies who do not breathe at birth Evidence: Low to moderate Recommendation: Strong
Extra Care For Small Babies  
Kangaroo Mother Care for small babies (birthweight <2,000 g) Extra support for feeding Evidence: Moderate to high
Recommendation: Strong
Care For Preterm Babies With Complications  
Case management of babies with signs of infection Safe oxygen management and supportive care for RDS Case management of babies with significant jaundice Evidence: Moderate to high* Recommendation: Strong
Hospital care of preterm babies with RDS including if appropriate, CPAP and/or surfactant Evidence: Moderate to high*
Recommendation: Strong
Intensive neonatal care Evidence: High*
Recommendation: Strong
  1. Source: Born Too Soon, Chapter 5 [113] adapted from The Healthy newborn: A reference guide for program managers (Lawn et al., 2001) [39], and PMNCH essential Interventions (PMNCH, 2011) [127] using WHO guidelines, LiST, Cochrane and other reviews, with detailed references in text. *Note that the evidence is mostly from high-income countries and more context specific research required in middleand low-income settings.