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Table 3 Associations of perinatal death (PND) with neonatal characteristics at both the tertiary and secondary care level hospitals (2001-2006)

From: Risk factors for perinatal death in two different levels of care: a case–control study

Neonatal characteristics Hospital level III Hospital level II
  PND(*) Controls OR (95% CI) p PND(*) Controls OR (95% CI) p
  (n = 130) (n = 1081)    (n = 6) (n = 80)   
Gender         
  Female 40 (30.8%) 491 (45.4%) 1.00   4 (66.7%) 34 (42.5%) 1.00  
  Male 90 (69.2%) 590 (54.6%) 1.95 (1.32-2.88) p < 0.001(1) 2 (33.3%) 46 (57.5%) 0.37 (0.06-2.14) p = 0.398(2)
1-minute Apgar score         
  ≥ 7 84 (64.3%) 906 (83.8%) 1.00   2 (33.3%) 68 (85.0%) 1.00  
  4 - 6 29 (22.2%) 109 (10.1%) 2.86 (1.78-4.59) p < 0.001(1) 2 (33.3%) 9 (11.2%) 7.56 (0.43-131.63) p = 0.238(2)
  0 - 3 18 (13.5%) 66 (6.1%) 2.88 (1.61-5.15) p < 0.001(1) 2 (33.3%) 3 (3.8%) 22.67 (1.12-456.81) p = 0.107(2)
5-minute Apgar score         
  ≥ 7 56 (42.9%) 1071 (99.1%) 1.00   2 (33.3%) 80 (100.0%) 1.00  
  0 - 6 74 (57.1%) 10 (0.9%) 141.87 (69.35-290.21) p < 0.001(1) 4 (66.7%) 0 (0.0%) - - - ( – ) p < 0.001(2)
Birthweight (g)         
  2500 - 3999 23 (17.7%) 780 (72.2%) 1.00   4 (66.6%) 70 (87.5%) 1.00  
  ≥ 4000 0 (0.0%) 45 (4.2%) - - - - - - p = 0.628(2) 0 (0.0%) 1 (1.3%) - - - - - - p = 1.000(2)
  1500 - 2499 29 (22.3%) 197 (18.2%) 4.97 (2.81-8.77) p < 0.001(1) 1 (16.7%) 6 (7.4%) 2.92 (0.28-30.42) p = 0.371(2)
  1000 - 1499 13 (10.0%) 31 (2.9%) 14.22 (6.59-30.69) p < 0.001(1) 0 (0.0%) 2(2.5%) - - - ( – ) p = 1.000(2)
  750 - 999 24 (18.5%) 14 (1.3%) 54.14 (26.68-126.66) p < 0.001(1) 0 (0.0%) 0 (0.0%) - - - ( – ) p = 1.000(2)
  500 - 749 41 (31.5%) 13 (1.2%) 106.96 (50.57-226.22) p < 0.001(1) 1 (16.7%) 1 (1.3%) 17.50 (0.92-334.13) p = 0.128(2)
  1. (1)Chi-square test; (2)Fisher’s exact test;
  2. (*)Deaths occurring within the first week of life (0-6 days).