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Table 4 Univarate analysis of perception of spouses on family planning importance, male involvement and unadjusted odds ratios for current contraceptive use, Jimma zone, Ethiopia, 2014

From: Spousal discordance on fertility preference and its effect on contraceptive practice among married couples in Jimma zone, Ethiopia

  Total Both spouses don’t desire more children (group1) Woman doesn’t desire more children (group2) Man doesn’t desire more children (group3) Both spouses desire more children (group4)
Perception of the husband      
Husband considers FP is very important for…      
…Delaying the first child. 1.65 2.00 0.42 2.05 2.46***
[1.20;2.29] [0.87;4.86] [0.2;0.87] [0.4;11.25] [1.5;4.07]
…Spacing births. 1.72** 6.38*** 0.47 0.89 2.05*
[1.19;2.52] [2.05;26.15] [0.2;1.09] [0.13;5.02] [1.16;3.7]
…Limiting the number of children. 1.81*** 3.37** 0.78 1.6 1.96*
[1.28;2.58] [1.36;9.15] [0.36;1.74] [0.33;7.68] [1.16;3.37]
…The benefit of family members 1.16 2.06 0.49 0.5 1.48
[0.85;1.58] [0.97;4.5] [0.22;1.09] [0.15;1.56] [0.92;2.38]
 …Economic reasons. 1.40 3.07** 0.33* 0.5 2.4**
[0.99;1.99] [1.28;7.93] [0.13;0.83] [0.14;1.64] [1.34;4.41]
 …The mother’s health. 1.70* 2.97 0.33* 0.73 3.17**
[1.10;2.68] [1;10.65] [0.11;0.94] [0.06;5.54] [1.48;7.34]
…Children’s health. 1.73* 4.31** 0.24** 1.59 2.59*
[1.11;2.77] [1.35;17.98] [0.07;0.73] [0.11;23.04] [1.23;5.83]
Perception of the wife      
Wife considers FP is very important for…      
…Delaying the first child. 2.24*** 2.74** 3.59** 1.49 2.19***
[1.68;2.98] [1.31;5.74] [1.57;8.6] [0.53;4.21] [1.46;3.29]
…Spacing births. 3.22*** 2.23* 3.43** 3.06* 3.7***
[2.36;4.41] [1.06;4.76] [1.5;8.24] [1;9.46] [2.36;5.87]
…Limiting the number of children. 2.71*** 3** 1.93 4.75** 2.63***
[2.00;3.68] [1.41;6.54] [0.9;4.22] [1.44;16.41] [1.7;4.08]
…The benefit of family members 2.60*** 2.54* 2.21* 4.58** 2.53***
[1.94;3.49] [1.22;5.3] [1.03;4.81] [1.5;14.2] [1.67;3.85]
…Economic reasons. 3.31*** 3.82*** 3.5** 4.15* 2.98***
[2.40;4.60] [1.73;8.71] [1.46;9.04] [1.25;14.4] [1.88;4.77]
…The mother’s health. 3.03*** 3.11** 3.99** 3.06 2.96***
[2.16;4.29] [1.36;7.46] [1.47;12.56] [0.97;9.76] [1.81;4.9]
…Children’s health. 3.41*** 6.35*** 6.21*** 1.59 3.2***
[2.39;4.96] [2.38;19.67] [1.98;25.6] [0.52;4.81] [1.89;5.56]
Involvement of the husband      
Husband makes plans…      
Intention to go jointly to get family planning delivery. 4.17*** 6.17*** 1.62 8.5*** 4.67***
[3.07;5.70] [2.81;13.66] [0.78;3.36] [2.46;31.3] [2.94;7.47]
Intention to finance and purchase contraception. 5.13*** 7.09*** 2.07 10.86*** 6.21***
[3.76;7.05] [3.17;15.98] [1.00;4.34] [3.19;38.5] [3.83;10.23]
Actual presence during family planning consultation. 1.46** 2.2 1.83 0.59 1.55*
[1.10;1.94] [0.89;5.42] [0.89;3.75] [0.17;2.12] [1.04;2.3]
Practices within the couple      
FP was previously discussed within the couple      
 Reported by the husband 5.62*** 5.85*** 3.01** 14*** 5.98***
[3.98;8.07] [2.55;14] [1.31;7.23] [3.19;82.42] [3.57;10.27]
 Reported by the wife 12.55*** 20.87*** 11.56*** 21*** 10.21***
[8.79;18.25] [7.57;64.95] [4.82;28.99] [4.74;122.9] [6.17;17.17]
Wife can use FP method without husband's consent      
 Reported by the husband 0.97 1.38 0.85 0.74 0.97
[0.70;1.35] [0.6;3.11] [0.37;1.93] [0.19;3.01] [0.61;1.53]
 Reported by the wife 0.75 1.01 1.21 0.85 1.05
[0.56;1.01] [0.48;2.07] [0.59;2.47] [0.27;2.72] [0.69;1.61]
Husband is responsible for final decision-making regarding FP      
 Reported by the husband 0.41** 0.32 0.49 0* 0.58
[0.23;0.73] [0.03;1.62] [0.11;1.75] [0;0.67] [0.24;1.33]
 Reported by the wife 0.81 1.15 1.08 0.36 0.74
[ 0.56;1.17] [0.4;3.1] [0.46;2.48] [0.05;2.05] [0.44;1.25]
  1. *P < 0.05,**P < 0.01,***P < 0.001.