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Table 3 Association of HEWs and other factors with with ANC at least four times in north and south central Ethiopia, 2012

From: Effect of an innovative community based health program on maternal health service utilization in north and south central Ethiopia: a community based cross sectional study

Characteristics Had ANC four times Crude OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR (95% CI)
  YES (n,%) NO (n,%)   
Visit by HEWs during pregnancy     
 None 726(38.9) 1138(61.1) 1.00 1.00
 Visisted at least once 2124(68.8) 961(31.2) 3.46(2.11,5.66) 3.42(2.62,4.47)*
Place of residence     
 Urban 796(68.0) 374(32.0) 1.0 1.00
 Rural 2054(54.4) 1725(45.6) 0.56(0.24,1.29) 0.66(0.49,0.89)*
Mothers age (years)     
 15-19 126(56.3) 98(43.7) 1.0 1.00
 20-29 1474(58.3) 1053(41.7) 1.09(.088,1.35) 1.07(0.79,1.46)
 30-39 1088(57.3) 810(42.7) 1.04(0.77,1.42) 1.19(0.78,1.82)
 40-49 160(55.0) 131(45.0) 0.95(0.58,1.56) 1.40(0.73,2.69)
Women’s education     
 None 1736(56.1) 1362(43.9) 1.0 1.00
 Primary 764(56.0) 601(44.0) 0.99(0.81,1.23) 0.95(0.81,1.12)
 High school 290(72.1) 112(27.9) 2.03(1.20,3.43) 1.29(1.06,1.59)*
 College/University 60(71.4) 24(28.6) 1.96(0.82,4.72) 1.35(0.75,2.42)
Marital status     
 Currently married 2717(57.7) 1989(42.3) 1.0 1.00
 Currently unmarried 133(54.7) 110(45.3) 0.89(0.62,1.27) 0.72(0.51,1.02)
Wealth quintile     
 Poorest 718(72.2) 277(27.8) 1.0 1.00
 Poor 599(60.3) 395(39.7) 0.59(0.33,1.03) 0.67(0.42,1.08)
 Middle 408(41.2) 582(58.8) 0.27(0.16,0.46) 0.43(0.26,0.69)*
 Rich 456(46.7) 521(53.3) 0.34(0.21,0.54) 0.52(0.33,0.83)*
 Richest 669(67.4) 324(32.6) 0.79(0.42,1.56) 0.883(0.58,1.34)
Number of pregnancies     
 1 601(62.7) 358(37.3) 1.0 1.00
 2-4 1320(59.4) 902(40.6) 0.87(0.67,1.14) 0.84(0.65,1.08)
 5-6 572(55.8) 454(44.2) 0.75(0.51,1.11) 0.63(0.41,0.97)*
 7 and above 357(48.1) 385(51.9) 0.55(0.38,0.81) 0.43 (0.30, 0.62)*
  1. *p < 0.05.