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Table 1 List of key indicators

From: A study protocol: using demand-side financing to meet the birth spacing needs of the underserved in Punjab Province in Pakistan

Dimension addressed Variable/indicator Data source
Effectiveness at the population level 1. Contraceptive prevalence rate among women living in lowest two wealth quintiles Population-based household survey in project areas
2. % of clients recommending services to others Endline population-based household survey; voucher validation
Effectiveness at the service delivery level 3. Number of new FP acceptors (disaggregated by long-term versus short-term FP) Routine service delivery records
4. Number of clients who never used FP before receiving services from study providers Routine service delivery records
5. Number and% of post-partum (PP) clients accepting an FP method (disaggregated by long-term versus short-term FP) Routine service delivery records
6. % of vouchers validated External voucher validation survey
7. Number and% of service providers adhering to medical/clinical standards Clinical quality assurance monitoring
8. % of family planning services provided through vouchers (disaggregated by FP method) Routine service data
9. % of referrals made by FHE for family planning services Routine service data
Efficiency and process issues Prospects for sustainability Financial records
10. Monthly service income
Cost effectiveness Financial records; routine service delivery records and registers
11. Cost per couple year protection (CYP)
12. Cost per new FP acceptor
Provider attrition/turnover Baseline and endline service provider assessment
13. % of study providers offering FP services at the start of the study who are still participating at the end of the project
Training Baseline and endline service provider audit
14. % of providers trained by MSS on different dimensions of FP who are providing services for which they were trained (disaggregated by type of service, e.g. IUD insertion, PAC FP)