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Table 3 Results of multivariate analysis (odds ratio) for couples who desire more children in rural Ethiopia, 2011

From: Promoting family planning use after childbirth and desire to limit childbearing in Ethiopia

  Model I (gross effect) Model II (net effect)
  B S.E. Exp (β) B S.E. Exp (β)
Religion       
  Orthodox Christian (Ref)       
  Muslim 1.76 0.32 5.84*** 2.80 0.41 16.42***
Education    ***    *
  Illiterate (Ref)       
  Only read and write -0.37 0.30 0.69 -0.42 0.48 0.66
  1-4 1.10 0.30 2.99*** 1.12 0.39 3.08**
  5+ 0.57 0.32 1.77 0.471 0.45 1.60
Exposure to media       
  Never (Ref)       
  Some times -0.16 0.15 0.86 -0.23 0.21 0.81
  Frequently -0.50 0.31 0.61 -0.47 0.48 0.63
Knowledge of FP methods       
  Low (Ref)       
  Medium -0.10 0.39 0.90 1.01 0.66 2.74
  High 0.049 0.42 1.05 1.16 0.71 3.20
Livestock and land unit    ***    **
  Low (Ref)       
  Medium -0.26 0.17 0.77 0.67 0.24 1.95**
  High -0.86 0.17 0.42*** 0.66 0.25 1.93**
Age group    ***    ***
  15-19 (Ref)       
  20-34 -1.82 0.53 0.16** 0.38 0.67 1.45
  35-49 -3.56 0.54 0.03*** -0.65 0.71 0.52
Duration of marriage    ***    **
  Short (Ref)       
  Medium -1.28 0.19 0.28*** -0.41 0.26 0.67
  Long -1.81 0.19 0.16*** 0.47 0.34 1.59
Living children composition    *    ***
  Sons > daughters (Ref)       
  Sons = daughters -0.37 0.19 0.69 -1.40 0.26 0.25***
  Sons < daughters 0.08 0.17 1.08 0.11 0.22 1.12
Under five mortality       
  Yes (Ref)       
  No -0.32 0.16 0.73 0.07 0.22 1.07
Number of living children    ***    ***
  0-2 (Ref)       
  3-4 -0.81 0.19 0.45*** -0.95 0.27 0.39***
  5+ -2.41 0.20 0.09*** -2.85 0.37 0.06***
Constant     -0.01 0.94 0.99
  1. Note: Based on the couples’ record 2011 Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey data was estimated.
  2. *** = P < 0.001; ** = P < 0.01; * = P < 0.05 (***,**,*Indicate level of significance at specified level); Ref = reference category.