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Table 2 Maternal mortality ratios and stillbirth, neonatal and perinatal rates and the percent change 2010 and 2013, for Thatta, Pakistan and the Indian, African and Latin American sites

From: Maternal and newborn outcomes in Pakistan compared to other low and middle income countries in the Global Network’s Maternal Newborn Health Registry: an active, community-based, pregnancy surveillance mechanism

  Pakistan India Africa Latin America
Sites Thatta, Sindh Nagpur, Maharashtra
Belgaum, Karnataka
Kafue/Chongwe, Zambia
Western Province, Kenya
Chimaltenango, Guatemala
Corrientes, Argentina
42-day maternal mortality ratio/100,000 deliveries     
2010 adjusted risk estimate [95% CI] 219 (159, 302) 153 (117, 200) 143 (95, 216) 136 (75, 244)
2013 adjusted risk estimate [95% CI] 333 (233, 476) 98 (66, 146) 88 (56, 138) 70 (31, 154)
Change 2010 to 2013 (%) 54.3% increase 35.9% decrease 38.5% decrease 48.5% decrease
P-value for 2010-2013 trend test 0.0325 0.0409 0.1825 0.1724
Stillbirth, rate/1,000 births     
2010 adjusted risk estimate (95% CI) 55.1 (49.5, 61.3) 30.0 (27.4, 32.9) 23.7 [19.6, 28.6] 19.2 (15.9, 23.1)
2013 adjusted risk estimate (95% CI) 58.3 (51.0, 66.6) 23.4 (21.5, 25.3) 20.6 [16.8, 25.4] 15.4 (12.8, 18.4)
Change 2010 to 2013 (%) 5.8% increase 22.0% decrease 13.1% decrease 19.8% decrease
P-value for 2010-2013 trend test 0.7550 0.0003 0.7192 0.0489
28-d Neonatal mortality, rate/1,000 live births     
2010 adjusted risk estimate (95% CI) 48.5 (42.3, 55.7) 25.5 (23.1, 28.2) 20.7 (16.7, 25.7) 19.5 (14.7, 25.9)
2013 adjusted risk estimate (95% CI) 46.7 (40.9, 53.4) 25.6 (23.6, 27.7) 13.9 (11.6, 16.6) 18.7 (16.1, 21.7)
Change 2010 to 2013 (%) 3.7% decrease 0.4% increase 32.9% decrease 4.1% decrease
P-value for 2010-2013 trend test 0.2609 0.5975 0.0449 0.3984
Perinatal mortality, rate/1,000 births     
2010 adjusted risk estimate (95% CI) 91.6 (83.1, 100.8) 49.8 (45.9, 54.1) 39.7 (34.0, 46.5) 34.1 (28.9, 40.3)
2013 adjusted risk estimate (95% CI) 93.2 (83.8, 103.7) 43.4 (40.9, 46.0) 32.3 (27.0, 38.6) 28.0 (24.6, 31.9)
Change 2010 to 2013 (%) 1.7% increase 12.9% decrease 18.6% decrease 17.9% decrease
P-value for 2010-2013 trend test 0.5501 0.0089 0.3437 0.0050
  1. *The mortality risk estimates were adjusted for study cluster.