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Table 1 Maternal mortality ratio (MMR) by site and year

From: Risk factors for maternal death and trends in maternal mortality in low- and middle-income countries: a prospective longitudinal cohort analysis

Region Africa Asia Latin America Total
Site Kenya Zambia Belgaum, India Nagpur, India Pakistan Argentina Guatemala  
Births, n 35,603 27,614 84,573 41,293 49,602 9,860 29,191 277,736
Maternal deaths, n 44 34 99 44 146 7 28 402
Deliveries, n 36,060 27,863 85,160 41,574 50,191 9,921 29,392 280,161
Live births, n 35,300 26,997 78,189 38,326 45,439 9,781 28,855 262,887
Total MMR 124.6 125.9 126.6 114.8 321.3 71.6 97.0 152.9
MMR, (95% CI)         
2010 133.3
(56.9, 209.7)
157.8
(63.9, 251.7)
169.2
(112.1, 226.4)
132.1
(59.8, 204.3)
226.6
(146.2, 306.9)
106.6
(0.0, 228.1)
156.5
(47.6, 265.5)
165.9
(135.0, 196.8)
2011 127.1
(54.5, 199.7)
130.1
(44.5, 215.6)
124.0
(75.2, 172.9)
128.1
(55.4, 200.8)
354.7
(251.3, 458.1)
99.2
(0.0, 212.3)
61.1
(0.8, 121.4)
162.2
(131.8, 192.6)
2012 138.1
(59.2, 217.1)
137.4
(47.1, 227.6)
120.6
(73.0, 168.1)
74.9
(19.1, 130.6)
382.9
(263.3, 502.5)
0.0
(0.0, 0.0)
131.3
(45.1, 217.5)
155.5
(125.1, 185.9)
2013 98.0
(35.6, 160.3)
76.3
(13.0, 139.6)
87.2
(49.2, 125.1)
122.9
(53.5, 192.3)
347.7
(270.0, 425.5)
* 67.7
(0.0, 169.6)
125.5
(99.9, 151.2)
Total 124.6
(87.4, 161.9)
125.9
(83.3, 168.6)
126.6
(101.5, 151.7)
114.8
(80.7, 148.9)
321.3
(268.8, 373.8)
71.6
(18.3,124.9)
97.0
(60.9, 133.2)
152.9
(137.9, 168.0)
  1. * Complete data are not available for Argentina for year 2013
  2. The 95% confidence interval for the MMR approximated using the variance of the proportion of maternal deaths for each site and year.