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Table 5 Multivariable model with outcome of maternal death by 6 weeks after delivery*

From: Risk factors for maternal death and trends in maternal mortality in low- and middle-income countries: a prospective longitudinal cohort analysis

Model Covariates Adjusted Relative Risk
Maternal age  
Maternal age: <20 vs. 20-35 1.1 (0.7, 1.6)
Maternal age: >35 vs. 20-35 1.2 (0.6, 2.4)
Maternal education  
Maternal education: no formal vs university 3.2 (1.5, 6.9)
Maternal education: primary vs university 3.4 (1.6, 7.5)
Maternal education: secondary vs university 2.5 (1.1, 5.7)
Parity  
Parity:0 vs. 1-2 1.3 (1.0, 1.7)
Parity:>2 vs. 1-2 1.4 (1.0, 2.0)
No antenatal care vs. at least 1 antenatal care visit 1.8 (1.2, 2.5)
Birth attendant  
Birth attendant: nurse/midwife/health worker vs physician 0.4 (0.3, 0.6)
Birth attendant: traditional birth attendant vs physician 0.6 (0.3, 1.0)
Birth attendant: family/other vs physician 0.4 (0.2, 0.7)
Delivery mode  
Delivery mode: vaginal-assisted vs vaginal 1.8 (0.9, 3.7)
Delivery mode: caesarean-section vs vaginal 1.9 (1.3, 2.8)
Obstructed labor: yes vs no 1.1 (0.8, 1.5)
Fetal Malposition: yes vs no 1.3 (0.8, 2.0)
Hemorrhage: yes vs. no 3.3 (2.2, 5.1)
Hypertensive disorders including seizures / convulsions: yes vs. no 7.4 (5.2, 10.4)
  1. * MNHR 2010-2013 deliveries excluding women lost to follow-up prior to delivery or missing maternal status at 6 weeks after delivery. Multivariable model adjusted for clinical site.