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Table 1 Early and 28-day neonatal mortality and maternal characteristics for registry, 2010-2013

From: Neonatal mortality and coverage of essential newborn interventions 2010 - 2013: a prospective, population-based study from low-middle income countries

  Alive at Day 28
N (%)*
Early Neonatal Death
N (%)*
28-day Neonatal Death
N (%)*
RR (95% CI)** for Early NMR RR (95% CI)** for 28-Day NMR
Maternal age      
< 20 30,953 (12.1) 615 (11.4) 758 (11.2) 1.2 (1.1, 1.3) 1.2 (1.1, 1.3)
20-35 215,011 (84.1) 4,527 (83.8) 5,657 (83.8) 1.0 1.0
> 35 9,754 (3.8) 259 (4.8) 338 (5.0) 1.3 (1.1, 1.5) 1.3 (1.2, 1.5)
Maternal education      
No formal education 61,649 (24.2) 2,073 (38.5) 2,628 (39.0) 1.6 (1.4, 1.9) 1.7 (1.5, 2.0)
Primary 97,912 (38.4) 1,717 (31.9) 2,146 (31.8) 1.4 (1.2, 1.6) 1.5 (1.3, 1.6)
Secondary 77,011 (30.2) 1,310 (24.3) 1,632 (24.2) 1.2 (1.0, 1.4) 1.3 (1.1, 1.4)
University+ 18,381 (7.2) 287 (5.3) 332 (4.9) 1.0 1.0
Parity 255,381 5,387 6,736   
0 85,581 (33.5) 2,067 (38.4) 2,527 (37.5) 1.4 (1.3, 1.5) 1.4 (1.3, 1.5)
1-2 108,556 (42.5) 1,852 (34.4) 2,317 (34.4) 1.0 1.0
> 2 61,244 (24.0) 1,468 (27.3) 1,892 (28.1) 1.2 (1.1, 1.3) 1.2 (1.1, 1.3)
At least one ANC visit      
Yes 247,027 (96.7) 5,044 (93.6) 6,274 (93.1) 1.0 1.0
No 8,544 (3.3) 345 (6.4) 462 (6.9) 1.3 (1.0, 1.7) 1.4 (1.1, 1.8)
ANC visits      
0 3,455 (2.5) 139 (4.8) 194 (5.4) 1.4 (1.0, 1.8) 1.6 (1.3, 1.9)
1-2 24,992 (18.1) 754 (26.2) 937 (25.9) 1.3 (1.1, 1.4) 1.3 (1.1, 1.4)
≥ 3 109,660 (79.4) 1,988 (69.0) 2,493 (68.8) 1.0 1.0
  1. *N’s less than the total represent missing responses
  2. **Relative risk (RR) and 95% CI use GEE to account for study cluster