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Table 1 Maternal characteristics and pregnancy care

From: Adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes in adolescent pregnancies: The Global Network’s Maternal Newborn Health Registry study

  South Asian Sites (N=166,882) Sub-Saharan African and Latin American Sites (N=102,391)
  Maternal Age (years) Maternal Age (years)
  15-19 20-24 < 15 15-19 20-24
Mothers, N 10,233 (6.1) 87,551 (52.5) 360 (0.4) 21,864 (21.4) 33,321 (32.5)
Maternal characteristics      
Education, N (%) 10,174 87,147 356 21,804 33,238
No formal education 2,214 (21.8) 17,568 (20.2) 20 (5.6) 1,039 (4.8) 2,412 (7.3)
Primary 3,127 (30.7) 22,248 (25.5) 285 (80.1) 14,275 (65.5) 20,600 (62.0)
Secondary 4,153 (40.8) 36,976 (42.4) 51 (14.3) 6,409 (29.4) 9,556 (28.8)
University+ 680 (6.7) 10,355 (11.9) 0 (0.0) 81 (0.4) 670 (2.0)
Parity, N (%) 10,124 87,192 359 21,832 33,288
0 9,491 (93.7) 45,200 (51.8) 347 (96.7) 16,158 (74.0) 8,785 (26.4)
1 or 2 614 (6.1) 40,458 (46.4) 12 (3.3) 5,495 (25.2) 19,843 (59.6)
> 2 19 (0.2) 1,534 (1.8) 0 (0.0) 179 (0.8) 4,660 (14.0)
Last pregnancy resulted in a pregnancy loss, n/N (%) 110/628 (17.5) 2,025/41,962 (4.8) 2/12 (16.7) 672/5,666 (11.9) 1,565/24,485 (6.4)
Antenatal care (ANC) current pregnancy      
At least four ANC visits, n/N (%) 2,980/5,016 (59.4) 28,317/45,065 (62.8) 80/181 (44.2) 5,942/11,646 (51.0) 9,708/18,403 (52.8)
Trimester for first ANC visit, N (%) 9.765 84.119 332 20.938 31.912
First 6,213 (63.6) 53,581 (63.7) 73 (22.0) 3,761 (18.0) 5,959 (18.7)
Second 2,653 (27.2) 23,494 (27.9) 183 (55.1) 12,554 (60.0) 18,326 (57.4)
Third 899 (9.2) 7,044 (8.4) 76 (22.9) 4,623 (22.1) 7,627 (23.9)
Mothers receiving any of the following during this pregnancy      
Tetanus toxoid vaccine, n/N (%) 9,583/10,228 (93.7) 82,901/87,474 (94.8) 328/359 (91.4) 20,360/21,799 (93.4) 29,379/33,255 (88.3)
Prenatal vitamins/iron, n/N (%) 9,735/10,216 (95.3) 83,660/87,380 (95.7) 316/359 (88.0) 20,531/21,808 (94.1) 31,140/33,274 (93.6)
Syphilis test, n/N (%) 1,539/10,094 (15.2) 21,619/86,658 (24.9) 275/360 (76.4) 16,581/21,793 (76.1) 24,155/33,213 (72.7)
HIV test, n/N (%) 8,269/10,171 (81.3) 75,671/87,141 (86.8) 305/360 (84.7) 18,719/21,794 (85.9) 27,339/33,201 (82.3)
Delivery care      
Birth attendant, N (%) 10,229 87,504 360 21,861 33,318
Physician 5,930 (58.0) 49,324 (56.4) 137 (38.1) 4,505 (20.6) 6,490 (19.5)
Nurse/Midwife/HW 3,431 (33.5) 30,153 (34.5) 134 (37.2) 8,397 (38.4) 10,842 (32.5)
TBA 697 (6.8) 6,052 (6.9) 74 (20.6) 7,324 (33.5) 13,082 (39.3)
Family/Other 171 (1.7) 1,975 (2.3) 15 (4.2) 1,635 (7.5) 2,904 (8.7)
Delivery location, N (%) 10,219 87,480 360 21,861 33,318
Hospital 7,043 (68.9) 56,352 (64.4) 191 (53.1) 6,873 (31.4) 9,134 (27.4)
Clinic 2,294 (22.4) 22,744 (26.0) 83 (23.1) 6,206 (28.4) 8,243 (24.7)
Home/Other 882 (8.6) 8,384 (9.6) 86 (23.9) 8,782 (40.2) 15,941 (47.8)