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Table 2 Maternal Morbidity and Mortality in Women Experiencing OL/PL/FTP vs Normal Labor by Region, 2010-2013

From: A prospective population-based study of maternal, fetal, and neonatal outcomes in the setting of prolonged labor, obstructed labor and failure to progress in low- and middle-income countries

  Africa Asia Latin America Total
  OL/PL/FTP No OL/PL/FTP RR (95% CI) OL/PL/FTP No OL/PL/FTP RR (95% CI) OL/PL/FTP No OL/PL/FTP RR (95% CI) OL/PL/FTP No OL/PL/FTP RR (95% CI)
42 day maternal mortality, n/N (Rate/100,000 deliveries) 21/4,833 (435) 52/57,327 (91) 4.8 (2.7, 8.7) 50/21,578 (232) 214/142,967 (150) 1.5 (1.1, 2.0) 1/2,861 (35) 32/35,853 (89) 0.4 (0.1, 2.1) 72/29,272 (246) 298/236,147 (126) 1.9 (1.4, 2.4)
Maternal infection, n/N (%) 93/4,820 (1.9) 217/57,284 (0.4) 3.4 (2.0, 5.9) 295/21,429 (1.4) 1,001/141,547 (0.7) 1.5 (1.3, 1.8) 21/2,856 (0.7) 130/35,812 (0.4) 1.8 (1.1, 3.2) 409/29,105 (1.4) 1,348/234,643 (0.6) 1.8 (1.5, 2.2)
Antepartum hemorrhage2, n/N (%) 520/4,855 (10.7) 623/57,616 (1.1) 9.1 (5.3, 15.7) 815/21,692 (3.8) 2,187/143,579 (1.5) 1.8 (1.5, 2.1) 103/2,874 (3.6) 431/36,060 (1.2) 2.9 (2.2, 3.7) 1,438/29,421 (4.9) 3,241/237,255 (1.4) 2.8 (2.1, 3.7)
Postpartum hemorrhage3, n/N (%) 882/4,841 (18.2) 1,434/57,605 (2.5) 5.0 (2.8, 9.0) 689/21,692 (3.2) 1,748/143,584 (1.2) 1.5 (1.2, 1.8) 120/2,872 (4.2) 649/36,048 (1.8) 2.0 (1.4, 2.9) 1,691/29,405 (5.8) 3,831/237,237 (1.6) 2.4 (1.8, 3.3)