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Table 3 Effects of intervention on the events of labor and delivery, according to group

From: Support to woman by a companion of her choice during childbirth: a randomized controlled trial

Event Support
(n = 105)
Control
(N = 107)
RR
(95% CI)
p value
Cervical dilation [median (range)]     
   Amniotomy 5 (3–8) 5 (3–10) - 0.958
   Oxytocin 4 (3–9) 4 (3–9) - 0.653
   Analgesia 5 (3–10) 5 (3–10) - 0.253
Functional Dystocia     
   Absent 99 97 - 0.655
   Tachysystole 2 3 0.66 (0.11–3.87)  
   Hypo/oligo-systole 4 7 0.58 (0.17–1.91)  
Color of amniotic fluid     
   Clear 91 80 - 0.020
   Meconium-stained 13 26 0.51 (0.28–0.94)  
Fetal heart rate     
   Unaltered 81 76 -  
   Altered 24 31 1.18 (0.84–1.66) 0.309
Type of delivery     
   Vaginal 94 95 -  
   Caesarean 11 12 0.93 (0.43–2.02) 0.862
Time [median (range)]     
   First stage of labor§ (h) 3.4 (1.2–15.5) 3.8 (1.4–11.8) - 0.123
   Admission – amniotomy (h) 1.1 (0–6.9) 1.2 (0–9.0) - 0.639
   Admission – analgesia (h) 1.7 (0.1–7.8) 1.8 (0.3–9.3) - 0.283
   Second stage of labor§ (min) 18 (4.8 – 75) 16.2 (1.2–48) - 0.368
   Analgesia – birth (h) 2.3 (0.1–14.6) 2.3 (0.1–8.6) - 0.605
   Hospital admission – birth (h) 3.8 (1–16) 4.3 (1.3–12.2) - 0.284
  1. Wilcoxon test, §Caesarean sections excluded, Chi-square test