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Table 4 Effects on the newborn infant and breastfeeding outcomes, according to group

From: Support to woman by a companion of her choice during childbirth: a randomized controlled trial

Outcomes Support (N = 105) Control (N = 107) RR (95%CI) p value
Apgar score at 1 minute < 7 20 21 0.97 (0.56–1.68) 0.915
Apgar score at 5 minutes < 7 3 2 1.53 (0.26–8.96) 0.681*
Birthweight (g) (mean ± SD 95%) 3.197 (2.360–4.245) 3.246 (2.410–4.145) - 0.370
Admission to NICU 5 6 0.91 (0.47–1.77) 0.781
Immediate contact mother/newborn 52 41 1.29 (0.95–1.76) 0.100
Time of contact mother/newborn (min) (mean ± 95% SD) 25.1 (10–55) 22.7 (10–40) - 0.360
Takes breast/suckles in delivery room 12 7 1.75 (0.72–4.26) 0.213
Takes breast/suckles (12 h following birth) 99 100 1.08 (0.59–1.97) 0.801
Breast fissure 7 6 1.19 (0.41–3.42) 0.747
Number of breast-feeds 12 hours following birth (mean) 4.3 (0–12) 4.4 (0–10) - 0.589
  1. Chi-squared test, * Fisher's Exact Test, Student's t-test, Wilcoxon's test