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Table 2 Gynaecological conditions among pregnant women at booking visit by HIV status.

From: Gynaecological morbidity among HIV positive pregnant women in Cameroon

Gynaecological condition HIV positive
(%)
(N = 198)
HIV negative
(%)
(N = 1810)
Prevalence rate
ratio
(95% CI)
p-value
Candidiasis 73 (36.9) 640 (35.4) 1.04 (0.86–1.26) 0.678
Trichomoniasis 42 (21.2) 192 (10.6) 2.00 (1.48–2.70) <0.001
Gonorrhoea 20 (10.1) 46 (2.5) 3.98 (2.40–6.58) <0.001
Bacterial vaginosis 42 (21.2) 274 (15.2) 1.40 (1.05–1.87) 0.026
Syphilis 71 (35.9) 192 (10.6) 3.37 (2.69–4.23) <0.001
Chlamydia infection 76 (38.4) 128 (7.1) 5.43 (4.26–6.92) <0.001
Low-grade SIL 36 (18.2) 80 (4.4) 4.11 (2.86–5.93) <0.001
High-grade SIL 24 (12.1) 27 (1.5) 8.13 (4.78–13.80) <0.001
  1. SIL = squamous intraepithelial lesion