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Table 5 Changes in institutional delivery associated with the intervention

From: Impact of a maternal health voucher scheme on institutional delivery among low income women in Pakistan

  Unadjusted odds ratios
(n = 1,423)
(1)
Adjusted odds ratios
(n = 1,423)
(2)
Exposure to the voucher scheme   
   No exposure (pre-intervention, 2008) 1.00 1.00
   No exposure (post-intervention, 2009) 1.22* 1.09
   Not sold voucher booklet (2009) 1.13 0.98
   Sold voucher booklet (2009) 2.58** 4.04***
Program factors unrelated to the voucher scheme   
Travel time to nearest health facility   
   More than five minutes 1.00 1.00
   Five minutes or less 1.43** 1.23
Mass media exposure   
   Do not watch television daily 1.00 1.00
   Watch television daily 1.77*** 0.97
Maternal factors   
Mother's age   
   < 24 1.00 1.00
   25-29 1.09 1.22
   30-34 1.19 1.58*
   > 34 0.95 1.64***
Parity/Living children   
   1 1.00 1.00
   2 0.88 0.79*
   3 0.72* 0.58**
   4 0.55*** 0.54***
   5 or more 0.34*** 0.34***
Mother's education   
   None 1.00 1.00
   Any primary 1.84*** 1.41***
   Middle 1.82** 1.15
   Secondary 3.50*** 1.79
   Matriculate or higher 11.87*** 5.03***
Household factors   
Wealth quintiles   
   Fifth/poorest 1.00 1.00
   Fourth 1.20 0.94
   Third 2.70*** 1.88**
   Second 3.92*** 2.47***
   First/least poor 8.00*** 3.72***
Mother's autonomy   
   Low 1.00 1.00
   Medium 1.66* 1.50*
   High 1.42* 1.23
R-squared   16.69%
  1. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001