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Table 6 Changes in PNC use associated with the intervention

From: Impact of a maternal health voucher scheme on institutional delivery among low income women in Pakistan

  Unadjusted odds ratios
(n = 1,423)
(1)
Adjusted odds ratios
(n = 1,423)
(2)
Exposure to the voucher scheme   
   No exposure (pre-intervention, 2008) 1.00 1.00
   No exposure (post-intervention, 2009) 1.30 1.18
   Not sold voucher booklet (2009) 1.71 1.53
   Sold voucher booklet (2009) 3.68*** 5.80***
Program factors unrelated to the voucher scheme   
Travel time to nearest health facility   
   More than five minutes 1.00 1.00
   Five minutes or less 1.50** 1.32
Mass media exposure   
   Do not watch television daily 1.00 1.00
   Watch television daily 1.51* 0.95
Maternal factors   
Mother's age   
   < 24 1.00 1.00
   25-29 1.06 1.11
   30-34 1.22 1.44
   > 34 0.87 1.22
Parity/Living children   
   1 1.00 1.00
   2 0.79 0.72*
   3 0.59*** 0.50***
   4 0.49** 0.52*
   5 or more 0.39*** 0.47**
Mother's education   
   None 1.00 1.00
   Any primary 1.62*** 1.33
   Middle 2.25*** 1.70**
   Secondary 3.89*** 2.58***
   Matriculate or higher 5.58*** 3.44***
Household factors   
Wealth quintiles   
   Fifth/poorest 1.00 1.00
   Fourth 1.36 1.10
   Third 2.70*** 2.04***
   Second 3.42*** 2.21***
   First/least poor 5.19*** 2.80***
Mother's autonomy   
   Low 1.00 1.00
   Medium 0.96 0.81
   High 1.31 1.13
R-squared   13.62%
  1. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001