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Table 3 Maternal factors associated and mother-to-child transmission of HIV

From: Mother-to-child transmission of human immunodeficiency virus in aten years period

VARIABLES MTCT
With
MTCT
Without
P* RR IC 95%
  N % n %    
AIDS-related illness      0.0748   
Yes 2 14.3 12 85.7   4.87 1.19-19.93
No 11 2.9 364 97.1   1.00  
First CD4 (cel/ml)      0.0029   
≥ 350 1 0.5 212 95.5   1.00  
< 350 8 5.8 129 94.2   12.44 1.57-98.35
Time using HAART      0.0632   
15 days or longer 11 3.1 342 96.9   1.00  
Less than 15 days 2 16.7 10 83.3   5.35 1.33-21.53
Ovular infection      0.0035   
Yes 2 66.7 1 33.3   21.61 8.15-57.29
No 12 3.1 377 96.9   1.00  
Neurotoxoplasmosis      0.0127   
Yes 1 25 3 75   7.46 1.26-44.23
No 13 3.4 375 96.6   1.00  
Route of delivery      0.0190   
Vaginal 4 12.9 27 87.1   1.00  
Caesarean 10 2.8 347 97.2   0.22 0.07-0.65
Labor      0.0088   
Yes 6 9.8 55 90.2   4.54 1.58-13.04
No 7 2.2 316 97.8   1.00  
Time after ruptured membranes      0.5936   
Less than 4 hours 2 11.1 16 88.9   1.00  
> 4 hours 3 8.1 34 91.9   0.73 0.13-3.99
No 10   328     
IV AZT      0.3126   
Yes 12 3.5 362 96.5   0.35 0.05-2.40
No 1 10.0 9 90   1.00  
Anemia (Hb level < 11 g/dl)      0.0254   
Yes 4 11.8 30 88.2   4.21 1.40-12.72
No 10 2.8 348 97.2   1.00  
  1. (#) The numbers are different because of lack of informations from some patients