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Table 4 Neonatal factors associated with mother-to-child transmission of HIV

From: Mother-to-child transmission of human immunodeficiency virus in aten years period

VARIABLES With Without P* RR IC 95%
  N % n %    
Birth weight      0.0270   
≥ 2500 g 8 2.8 301 97.2   1.00  
< 2500 g 7 8.0 80 92   3.11 1.16-8.33
Birth Weight in comparison to gestational age (GA)      0.0110   
Adequate forGA 10 2.9 332 97.1   1.00  
Small for GA 5 13.2 33 86.8   4.50 1.62-12.48
Oral AZT      0.0010   
Yes 11 2.8 381 97.2   1.00  
No 2 100 0 0   35.64 19.90-63.81
Neonatal pathology      0.0047   
Yes 5 14.7 29 85.3   5.67 2.01-15.96
No 9 2.6 338 97.4   1.00  
Congenital Toxoplasmosis      < 0.0001   
Yes 4 66.7 2 33.3   23.94 10.63-53.93
No 11 2.8 384 97.2   1.00  
Pneumonia      0.0076   
Yes 3 25.0 9 75   8.10 2.63-25.02
No 12 3.1 377 97.9   1.00  
Congenital CMV      0.0075   
Yes 2 50.0 2 50   15.27 5.00-46.63
No 13 3.3 384 96.7   1.00  
Hepatitis B      1.0000   
Yes 0 0.0 4 100   NC  
No 15 3.8 382 96.2    
Syphilis      1.0000 NC  
Yes 0 0.0 2 100    
No 15 3.8 384 96.2    
Anemia (hb < 13,5 g/dl)      0.0051   
Yes 8 8.7 84 91.3   5.83 1.58-21.46
No 3 1.5 198 98.5   1.00  
IUGR (intra uterine growth restriction)      0.0470   
Yes 3 12.5 21 87.5   4.18 1.25-14.00
No 11 3.0 357 97   1.00  
Hepatitis C      1.0000   
Yes 0 0.0 10 100   NC  
No 15 3.8 376 96.2    
  1. (#) The numbers are different because of lack of informations from some patients
  2. (##) NC: not calculated