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Table 1 Country Profiles in Reproductive Health, Socioeconomic Status and Abortion Policy

From: Reductions in abortion-related mortality following policy reform: evidence from Romania, South Africa and Bangladesh

  Bangladesh* Romania South Africa
Abortion Rate
(per 1,000 WRA)
28.0a 27.1b** 4.5c**
Modern Contraceptive Prevalence Rate 47.5%d 38.3%e 65.0%f
Total Fertility Rate g 2.9 1.3 2.7
Gross National
Income per Capita h
$340 (USD) $10,980 (USD) $9,560 (USD)
Female Literacy Rate (ages 15-24) i 41% 98% 94%
Abortion
Indications
Prior to Law Change:
To save mother's life
Menstrual regulation not permitted
After Law Change:
Menstrual regulation available on request
Prior to Law Change:
Severe mental/physical risk to mother or child
Woman over 45 years of age
Woman has 5 children under 18 years of age
After Law Change:
To save the life of the woman
To preserve physical health
To preserve mental health
Rape or incest
Fetal impairment
Economic or social reasons
Available on request
Prior to Law Change:
Severe mental/physical risk to mother or child
Rape or incest (documentation required)
Approval by two physicians
After Law Change:
To save the life of the woman
To preserve physical health
To preserve mental health
Rape or incest
Fetal impairment
Economic or social reasons
Available on request
Gestational Age of Abortion ≤ 10 weeks after last menses < 12 weeks gestation on request
> 12 weeks gestation for therapeutic reasons
< 12 weeks gestation on request
> 12 weeks for therapeutic reasons
Care Provider for Abortion Trained paramedic up to 8 weeks gestation
Physician up to 10 weeks gestation
Obstetrician-gynecologist only Medical practitioner, midwife or nurse up to 12 weeks gestation
Medical practitioner only after 12 weeks gestation
  1. * Abortion policy refers to the current menstrual regulation policy. **Abortion incidence rates may represent undercounts [78] a [79]; b [24]; c [80]; d [70]; e [35]; f [55]; g [81]; h [82]; i [83].