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Table 2 Infant mortality rates (per 1,000 live births) for 5-year periods preceding the survey, by background characteristics (N = 5,545)

From: Influence of women's autonomy on infant mortality in Nepal

Characteristics   IMR
Women's Autonomy   
Literacy status *** Illiterate 56
  Literate 35
Decision on own health care * Without involvement of respondent 54
  Involvement of respondent 40
Decision on making large household purchases Without involvement of respondent 50
  Involvement of respondent 45
Decision on making household purchases for daily needs Without involvement of respondent 53
  Involvement of respondent 45
Decision on visits to family or relatives Without involvement of respondent 53
  Involvement of respondent 42
Sociodemographic variables   
Age group * <25 years 56
  25-29 39
  30 or more 46
Religion * Buddhist 26
  Hindu 48
  Muslim/other 65
Total children ever born * One 36
  Two 43
  Three 48
  Four or more 59
Previous birth interval ** <2 years 62
  2-3 years 41
  4+ years 27
Sex of child Female 53
  Male 42
Type of births *** Singleton 42
  Multiple 382
Place of residence Urban 34
  Rural 50
Ecological zone *** Terai 53
  Hill 36
  Mountain 75
Wealth status ** Poor/middle 54
  Rich 35
Source of drinking water * Piped/tube well water 44
  River/stone tap/unprotected well 57
Availability of Toilet facility* Yes 39
  No facility/bush/field 53
Total 48
  1. Note *** Significant at p < 0.001; ** = p < 0.01 and * = p < 0.05