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Table 1 Bivariate comparisons for dichotomous variables (N = 1062)

From: Depressed mood in pregnancy: Prevalence and correlates in two Cape Town peri-urban settlements

  EPDS 0-13 EPDS 14-30    
  N = 652 (61%) N = 410 (39%)   95% CI
  n % n % OR Lower Upper
Marital Status        
   Single 255 39.1% 196 47.8% 1.43 1.11 1.83**
   Married/cohabitating 397 60.9% 214 52.2%    
Housing type        
   Informal 442 67.8% 292 71.2% 1.18 0.90 1.54
   Formal 210 32.2% 118 28.8%    
Employment        
   Unemployed 511 78.4% 346 84.4% 1.49 1.08 2.07*
   Employed 141 21.6% 64 15.6%    
Household Income        
   R0-R2000 312 48.8% 247 63.7% 1.84 1.42 2.39**
   R2001+ 328 51.3% 141 36.3%    
Financial support baby father       
   No 84 12.9% 99 24.3% 2.16 1.57 2.99**
   Yes 567 87.1% 309 75.7%    
Smoking        
   No 633 97.1% 388 94.6%    
   Yes 19 2.9% 22 5.4% 1.89 1.01 3.54*
Alcohol use        
   No 495 75.9% 272 66.3%    
   Yes 157 24.1% 138 33.7% 1.60 1.22 2.10**
Baby planned        
   No 464 71.3% 313 76.5% 1.31 0.99 1.75
   Yes 187 28.7% 96 23.5%    
Partner violence        
   No 435 66.7% 221 53.9%    
   Yes 217 33.3% 189 46.1% 1.71 1.33 2.21**
  1. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01