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Table 1 Prevalence of induced abortion, other causes of maternal death, alcohol consumption, and socio-demographic characteristics among 605 women who died from pregnancy-related causes in Ghana between 2000 and 2005

From: Alcohol consumption in relation to maternal deaths from induced-abortions in Ghana

Variables Number %
Induced abortion   
Yes 83 13.7
No 522 86.3
Haemorrhage 138 22.8
Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy 54 8.9
Sepsis 42 6.9
Obstructed labour 27 4.5
Miscarriage 20 3.3
Other infectious diseasesa 84 13.9
Other non-infectious diseasesb 75 12.4
Miscellaneousc 82 13.6
Total 605 100
Ever Consumed alcohol   
Yes 85 14.3
No 509 85.7
Total 594 100
Missing 11  
Consumed alcohol within 12 months of death   
Yes 81 13.6
No 513 86.4
Total 594 100
Missing 11  
Level of alcohol consumption   
Frequent consumer 25 4.2
Occasional consumer 59 9.9
Abstainer 510 85.9
Total 594 100
Missing 11  
History of alcohol consumption   
<Year 7 10.4d
≥Year 60 89.6d
Educational level   
Never attended 208 34.4
Basic Education 332 54.9
Senior secondary 52 8.6
Tertiary/Higher education 13 2.1
Age   
18 years and below 44 7.3
Above 18 years 561 92.7
Age   
12-14 years 3 0.5
15-19 years 62 10.2
20-24 years 115 19.0
25-29 years 133 22.0
30-34 years 116 19.2
35-39 years 106 17.5
40-44 years 55 9.1
45-49 years 15 2.5
Residence   
Rural 389 64.3
Urban 216 35.7
Marital status   
Single 99 16.4
Married 506 83.6
  1. a The major infectious diseases were malaria 53.6%, viral hepatitis 13.1%, unspecified infections 7.1% and tuberculosis 2.4%.
  2. b The major cause of death in the category of non-infectious diseases was Anaemia 41.3%; followed by diseases of blood and blood-forming organs 17.3%; respiratory diseases 14.6%; and circulatory diseases 12.0%.
  3. c Miscellaneous causes comprised mainly obstetric deaths of unspecified causes 26.8%, rupture of uterus 17.1%, complications of obstetric surgery 14.6%, embolism 9.8%, complications of anaesthesia 4.8% and other complications of pregnancy, labour and puerperium.
  4. d Only analyzed among individuals who drank alcohol.