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Table 3 Association (Adjusted Odds ratios and 95% confidence interval) between alcohol consumption and induced abortion among 605 women who died from pregnancy-related causes in Ghana between 2000 and 2005 with stepwise adjustment for potential confounders

From: Alcohol consumption in relation to maternal deaths from induced-abortions in Ghana

Variable Model 1: OR (95% CI) Model 2: OR (95% CI) Model 3: OR (95% CI) Model 4: OR (95% CI)
Ever Consumed alcohol     
Yes 2.2(1.19-3.93) 2.4(1.29-4.44) 2.4(1.29-4.44) 2.6(1.38-4.87)
No ref. Ref. Ref. Ref.
Level of alcohol consumption     
Frequent consumer 2.1(0.74-5.73) 2.4(0.85-6.98) 2.4(0.86-7.08) 2.6(0.89-7.40)
Occasional consumer 2.3(1.15-4.47) 2.4(1.19-4.93) 2.4(1.19-4.90) 2.7(1.29-5.46)
Abstainer Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref.
  1. Model 1: adjusted for age.
  2. Model 2: adjusted for age and marital status.
  3. Model 3: adjusted for age, marital status and rural/urban residence status.
  4. Model 4: adjusted for age, marital status, rural/urban residence status and educational level.