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Table 4 The prevalence (%) of correct and too high frequency of vaginal examination during childbirth by selected socioeconomic and obstetric factors

From: The paradox of vaginal examination practice during normal childbirth: Palestinian women’s feelings, opinions, knowledge and experiences

Variables VEcorrect VEtoo high P-value
(0–4 times) (5–12 times)
  N = 112 N = 63  
Age    .421
16-29 79 (71) 48 (76)  
30-42 33 (29) 15 (24)  
Place of residence    .268**
Urban 17 (15) 15 (24)  
Rural 87 (78) 44 (70)  
Camp 7 (6) 4 (6)  
Education    .695
0-9 years 37 (33) 19 (30)  
10-17 years 75 (67) 44 (70)  
Parity    .037
PG 23 (21) 22 (35)  
Multips 89 (80) 41 (65)  
No providers conducted VE    .000*
0-2 88 (79) 15 (24)  
3-7 24 (21) 48 (76)  
Complications***    .588*
Yes 30 (27) 14 (22)  
No 82 (73) 49 (78)  
Time of delivery    .191**
7 am-2 pm 41 (37) 27 (43)  
2 pm-9 pm 26 (23) 18 (29)  
9 pm-7 am 45 (40) 18 (29)  
  1. *Fisher’s exact test **Linear-by-linear, df = 1.
  2. ***Complications as reported by women refer to: urinary tract infections, anemia, varicose veins, preeclampsia, lower extremities edema, preterm labor, allergy to latex, history of antepartum hemorrhage.