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Table 1 Characteristics of women who gave birth in Ujjain District in 2009 by place of delivery

From: India's JSY cash transfer program for maternal health: Who participates and who doesn't - a report from Ujjain district

   N (%) JSY N (%) Private N (%) Home N (%) p value
(a) Study population characteristics      
Age       
  ≤25 years 306 (73) 233 (73) 41 (76) 32 (70)  
  >25 years 112 (27) 85 (27) 13 (24) 14 (30) 0.77
Poverty level       
  APL 204 (49) 143 (45) 37 (69) 24 (52)  
  BPL 214 (51) 175 (55) 17 (31) 22 (48) 0.01
Education       
  Primary, high school or higher 220 (53) 166 (52) 39 (72) 15 (33)  
  No formal education 198 (47) 152 (48) 15 (28) 31 (67) <0.01
Caste       
  Disadvantaged groups 118 (28) 79 (25) 28 (52) 11 (24)  
  General 300 (72) 239 (75) 26 (48) 35 (76) <0.01
(b) Pregnancy Related      
Knowledge of JSY Yes 373 (89) 304 (96) 37 (68) 32 (70)  
  No 45 (11) 14 (4) 17 (32) 14 (30) <0.01
Number of previous deliveries      
  1 delivery 143 (34) 115 (36) 21 (39) 7 (15)  
  ≥2 deliveries 275 (66) 203 (64) 33 (61) 39 (85) 0.02
Number of ANC visits attended      
  0-3 visits 221 (53) 179 (56) 10 (19) 32 (70)  
  ≥4 visits 197 (47) 139 (44) 44 (81) 14 (30) <0.01
Time spent to travel to the place of delivery (minutes)      
  <median 45 minutes 206 (49) 189 (60) 17 (29) 0 <0.01
  >median 45 minutes 212 (51) 125 (40) 41 (71) 46(100)  
Type of delivery       
  Normal 403 (96) 314 (99) 43 (80) 46(100)  
  Caesarian section 15 (4) 4 (1) 11 (20) 0 <0.01
Infant outcome       
  Normal 371 (89) 287 (90) 40 (74) 44 (96)  
  Still birth or neonatal death* 16 (4) 11 (4) 3 (6) 2 (4)  
  Needed special care 31 (7) 20 (6) 11 (20) N/A <0.01
  1. APL, Above poverty line; BPL, below poverty line
  2. *Still birth (n = 3)
  3. *JSY facility was used as the reference group