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Table 3 Independent predictors of refusal of HIV testing among ANC attendees, Gambella Region, 2008

From: Determinants for refusal of HIV testing among women attending for antenatal care in Gambella Region, Ethiopia

Variables Not-HIV tested HIV tested COR (95% CI) AOR (95%CI)
Age     
34-45 5 9 2.1(0.62-7.2) 1.4(0.11-18.5)
20-34 62 179 1.3(0.71-2.46) 1.3(0.42-4.13)
15-19 16 61 1.0 1.0
Ethnic group     
Kembata 6 9 *3.3(1.05-10.36) *19.6(3.08-124.97)
Nuer 20 45 *2.2(1.07-4.52) 1.6(0.55-4.68)
Mejenger 3 9 1.6(0.41-6.66) *20.3(1.83-226.01)
Oromo 12 22 *2.7(1.14-6.37) *8.1(2.1-31.42)
Amhara 14 39 1.8(0.8-3.89) 2.5(0.57-11.02)
Tigre 3 6 2.5(0.57-10.77) 1.96(0.07-23.32)
Agnuak 19 94 1.0 1.0
Number of life births
Six and above 32 92 1.16(0.62-2.18) 1.68(0.56-5.02)
Four up to five 3 3 3.33(0.63-17.8) 8.34(0.43-160.81)
Two up to three 10 15 2.22(0.87-5.67) *12.6(2.24-71.01)
One 17 69 0.82(0.4-1.69) 0.71(0.23-2.20)
Zero 21 70 1.0 1.0
MTCT of HIV occurs during breast feeding
No 47 89 *2.33(1.41-3.87) 1.48(0.53-4.18)
Yes 36 159 1.0 1.0
Prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV as perceived benefit of HIV testing during ANC
No 46 99 *1.88(1.14-3.11) 0.95(0.32-2.88)
Yes 37 150 1.0 1.0
Discussed with husband and sought agreement for HIV testing at home prior to the current ANC visit
No 69 128 *4.66(2.5-8.7) *8.7(3.06-24.70)
Yes 14 121 1.0 1.0
Respondents impression on pre-test counseling
Fair 18 15 *6.2(2.58-14.7) 2.8(0.77-10.13)
Good 47 151 1.6(0.85-2.99) 1.1(0.42-3.09)
Very good 16 82 1.0 1.0
Divorce with husband as perceived response following HIV positive result of pregnant woman
Yes 29 40 *2.81(1.5-4.93) 10.7(3.57-31.83)
No 54 209 1.0 1.0
Disclosure of HIV test result to husband by the counselor as preferred way of hearing HIV test result
Yes 19 27 *2.7(1.40 - 5.31) *6.9(2.21-21.24)
No 48 186 1.0 1.0
  1. * represents p - value < 0.05.