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Table 6 Practices associated with refusal of HIV testing during ANC, Gambella Region, 2008

From: Determinants for refusal of HIV testing among women attending for antenatal care in Gambella Region, Ethiopia

Variables Not-HIV tested HIV tested COR (95% CI) P-Value
Number of ANC visits on the current pregnancy     
One 58 177 0.84(0.34-2.1) 0.72
Two up to three 18 54 0.86(0.31-2.4) 0.77
Three up to four 7 18 1.0  
Discussion with husband prior to HIV test during ANC     
No 69 128 *4.66(2.5-8.7) *0.001
Yes 14 121 1.0  
Identified reasons for not discussing about HIV test at home with husband prior to the current ANC visit     
Our culture does not allow to discuss this kind of issues with my husband/partner     
Yes 9 5 *3.69(1.2-11.5) *0.02
No 60 123 1.0  
To avoid any possible suspicion that arises from my husband/partner up on me     
Yes 13 9 *3.07(1.2-7.6) *0.02
No 56 119 1.0  
Fear in case the results turns out to be HIV positive     
Yes 4 5 1.51(0.4-5.8) 0.55
No 65 123 1.0  
Fear of my husbands’ reaction in terms of anger and attack following HIV positive test result     
Yes 14 10 *3.0(1.26-7.19) *0.01
No 55 118 1.0  
Husband’s absence at home at time of the current ANC visit     
Yes 17 38 0.77(0.4-1.5) 0.45
No 52 90 1.0  
Lack of knowledge about the presence of HIV counseling and testing service for pregnant mothers in local H/Institutions     
Yes 13 50 *0.36(0.18-0.7) *0.004
No 56 78 1.0  
Possibility to come with husband for HIV test in the future     
I don’t know 26 25 *4.5(2.25-8.36) *0.00
No 9 16 *2.4(1.02-5.85) *0.05
Yes 48 208 1.0  
Respondents impression on pre-test counseling for HIV     
Fair 18 15 *6.2(2.58-14.7) *0.00
Good 47 151 1.6(0.85-2.99) 0.15
Very good 16 82 1.0  
Privacy is maintained in the counseling room     
I am not sure 28 23 *5.2(2.70-9.79) *0.00
No 3 3 4.3(0.84-21.9) 0.08
Yes 52 223 1.0  
Husband’s response towards HIV positive result of pregnant mothers
Provision of support in one way or the other
No 64 152 *2.15(1.21-3.8) *0.01
Yes 19 97 1.0  
Insulting saying,’It is you who have brought disease”     
Yes 23 51 1.49(0.84-2.6) 0.17
No 60 198 1.0  
Attack and frequent beatings     
Yes 23 47 1.6(0.93-2.93) 0.09
No 60 202 1.0  
Divorce     
Yes 29 40 *2.81(1.5-4.93) *0.00
No 54 209 1.0  
Would stop financial assistance     
Yes 6 5 *3.8(1.13-12.8) *0.03
No 77 244 1.0  
Suggested sex of the counselor     
I don’t mind for both sexes 49 161 0.65(0.33-1.3) 0.21
Male 2 18 0.2(0.05-1.15) *0.07
Female 16 34 1.0  
Suggested way of hearing HIV test result     
Face -to - face communication with the counselor
No 11 7 *5.7(2.14-15.6) *0.001  
Yes 56 206 1.0  
Disclosure of HIV test result for husband by the counselor as preferred way of hearing HIV test result     
Yes 19 27 *2.7(1.4 - 5.31) *0.003  
No 48 186 1.0  
  1. * represents significant association.