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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristic of parents and young people

From: Parent–child communication about sexual and reproductive health: evidence from the Brong Ahafo region, Ghana

Characteristics Parent Young people
Total (N = 790) Mother (N = 444) Father (N = 346) Total N = 790) Daughters (N = 405) Sons (N = 385)
Age in years, M (SD) 47.1 (10.0) 45.2 (10.3) 49.5 (9.2)*** 16.7(4.0) 16.6 (3.8) 16.8 (4.0)
Place of residence %       
Rural 53.9 49.8 59.2* 53.9 50.9 57.1
Urban 46.1 50.2 40.8 46.1 49.1 42.9
Educational level %       
No Education 32.9 39.9 24.0*** 2.5 4.0 1.0*
Basic 50.5 48.0 53.8 76.1 77.0 75.1
≥Secondary 16.6 12.2 22.3 21.4 19.0 23.9
Religious affiliation %       
Christian 78.6 82.4 73.7** 81.0 83.0 79.0
Muslim 13.0 12.4 13.9 12.4 12.1 12.7
Traditionalist 1.3 0.5 2.3 0.5 0.5 0.5
No religion 7.1 4.7 10.1 6.1 4.4 7.8
Family structure %       
Both parents 67.2 53.8 84.4*** 67.2 62.7 71.9***
Mother only 21.1 36.0 2.0 21.1 25.2 16.9
Father only 5.1 1.1 10.1 5.1 2.7 7.5
Grandparents 6.6 9.0 3.5 6.6 9.4 3.6
Marital status %       
Single 2.5 2.7 2.3***    
Married 77.5 68.7 88.7    
Divorced/separated 19.0 26.8 9.0    
Cohabiting 1.0 1.8 0.0    
Occupation %       
Unemployed 5.2 7.7 2.0***    
Farmer 53.3 47.1 61.3    
Trade/artisan 25.5 32.4 18.8    
Formal sector 15.1 12.8 17.9    
Age group in years %       
10–14     33.4 32.8 34.0
15–19     39.1 41.7 36.4
20-24     27.5 25.4 39.6
Stayed with parents %       
Continuous stay     85.3 81.7 89.6**
Partial stay     14.7 18.5 10.6
  1. Note: Statistical test compares differences between mothers and fathers for each variable. *P < 0.05. **P < 0.01. ***P <0.001.