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Table 3 Logistic regression models predicting transition to first sexual intercourse, by sex

From: Influence of parental factors on adolescents’ transition to first sexual intercourse in Nairobi, Kenya: a longitudinal study

Model variables Males (n = 763) Females (n = 744)
  Model 1 OR (95 % C.I.) Model 2 OR (95 % C.I.) Model 3 OR (95 % C.I.) Model 4 OR (95 % C.I.)
Parenting variables     
Parental monitoring     
 Low/does not live with parent(s) 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Medium 0.68 (0.33–1.40) 0.82 (0.37–1.80) 0.62 (0.31–1.24) 0.77 (0.34–1.73)
 High 0.70 (0.36–1.38) 0.90 (0.41–1.96) 0.37 (0.17–0.78)* 0.56 (0.22–1.47)
Parental discipline     
 Scolded (ref = never scolded) 0.80 (0.37–1.74) 1.01 (0.42–2.42) 0.72 (0.32–1.59) 0.74 (0.29–1.85)
 Spanked/slapped (ref = never spanked/slapped) 0.29 (0.15–0.56)* 0.74 (0.36–1.52) 0.31 (0.15–0.63)* 0.55 (0.23–1.29)
Communication with father figure     
 No father figure 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Low 1.32 (0.54–3.21) 1.15 (0.43–3.05) 0.44 (0.21–0.93)* 0.30 (0.13–0.68)*
 High 1.88 (0.83–4.26) 1.89 (0.80–4.45) 0.69 (0.34–1.42) 0.72 (0.34–1.51)
Communication with mother figure     
 No mother figure 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Low 0.25 (0.09–0.69)* 0.23 (0.08–0.64)* 0.77 (0.08–7.01) 1.34 (0.23–7.68)
 High 0.28 (0.10–0.84)* 0.33 (0.11–0.96)* 0.48 (0.05–4.38) 0.77 (0.14–4.23)
Controls     
Age --- 1.36 (1.13–1.64)* --- 1.29 (1.10–1.51)*
Viwandani (ref = Korogocho) --- 1.25 (0.61–2.54) --- 0.96 (0.46–2.01)
Out-of-school (ref = in-school) --- 3.45 (1.63–7.28)* --- 3.74 (1.84–7.60)*
Peer models for risk behaviora --- 1.09 (0.80–1.47) --- 1.32 (0.94–1.86)
Delinquencya --- 0.85 (0.51–1.41) --- 1.97 (1.10–3.53)*
Religiositya --- 0.73 (0.55–0.96)* --- 0.92 (0.62–1.35)
Model fit Wald χ2 (8) = 26.99 Wald χ2 (14) = 53.23 Wald χ2 (8) = 28.50 Wald χ2 (14) = 68.55
  1. Model 1: unadjusted model for males; Model 2: adjusted model for males; Model 3: unadjusted model for females; Model 4: adjusted model for females
  2. *Statistically significant at p < 0.05
  3. aIncreasing values indicate higher levels of negative peer influence, delinquency, or religiosity