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Table 9 Difference-in-difference results for key indicators between Suraj intervention arm and control arm

From: Engaging with community-based public and private mid-level providers for promoting the use of modern contraceptive methods in rural Pakistan: results from two innovative birth spacing interventions

  Control Suraj Intervention Absolute difference (% change)a Net effect (% change)b
Indicators Baseline (%) Endline (%) Baseline (%) Endline (%) Control Suraj  
Ever use of any contraceptive 48 53 50 65 5 15 10***
Ever heard of any contraceptive 88 94 78 98 6 20 14***
Current use of any contraceptive 27 35 34 48 8 13 5*
Current contraceptive method of choice
 Any Modern method 24 28 30 38 4 8 4
 Pill 3 4 4 5 1 1 1
 IUD 3 3 3 8 <1 5 6***
 Injections 5 6 6 7 1 1 <1
 Condom 2 6 3 4 4 1 −3***
 Withdrawal 10 11 14 14 1 0 −1
  1. P-value: ***p < 0.01; **p < 0.05; *p < 0.1
  2. aAbsolute difference is the percentage change from baseline to endline
  3. bNet effect is the percentage change in intervention group adjusting for the percentage change in control group