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Table 10 Difference-in-difference results for key indicators between CMW intervention arm and control arm

From: Engaging with community-based public and private mid-level providers for promoting the use of modern contraceptive methods in rural Pakistan: results from two innovative birth spacing interventions

  Control CMW Intervention Absolute difference (% change)a Net effect (% change)b
  Baseline (%) Endline (%) Baseline (%) Endline (%) Control CMW
Ever use of any contraceptive 48 53 30 42 5 12 7**
Ever heard of any contraceptive 88 94 61 94 6 33 28**
Current use of any contraceptive 27 35 17 25 8 8 0
Current contraceptive method of choice
 Any Modern method 24 28 14 20 4 6 2
 Condom 10 11 4 5 1 1 0
 Pill 3 4 3 3 1 0 −1
 IUD 3 3 2 5 0 3 3**
 Injection 5 6 4 5 1 2 1
 Withdrawal 2 6 2 3 4 1 −4***
  1. P-value: ***p < 0.01; **p < 0.05; *p < 0.1
  2. aAbsolute difference is the percentage change from baseline to endline
  3. bNet effect is the percentage change in intervention group adjusting for the percentage change in control group