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Table 6 Socio-demographic characteristics of respondents

From: Engaging with community-based public and private mid-level providers for promoting the use of modern contraceptive methods in rural Pakistan: results from two innovative birth spacing interventions

Characteristics Baseline Endline P-value (Baseline vs Endline) Endline
All participants 5566 (%) All participants (N = 2892) (%) Suraj Intervention (N = 1105) (%) CMW Intervention (N = 712) (%) Control Arm (N = 1075) (%)
Age of MWRA
 15–19 years 3.0 1.6 <0.0001 2.1 1.1 1.5
 20–24 years 19.0 18.9 0.9114 17.5 18.4 20.7
 25–29 years 33.0 33.8 0.4589 34.8 27.1 37.2
 30–34 years 27.0 25.3 0.0926 26.4 30.3 20.9
 35–39 years 14.0 15.5 0.0632 16.1 16.0 14.6
 40–44 years 3.0 4.2 0.0039 2.6 6.3 4.5
 45–49 years 1.0 0.6 0.0593 0.5 0.7 0.7
Mean age ± SD (median) years 28.0 ± 5.5 (28) 29.1 ± 5.6 (30) <0.0001 28.8 ± 5.3 (28) 29.9 ± 5.9 (30) 28.8 ± 5.6 (28)
Age at time of marriage (mean ± SD) 20 ± 3.4 19.8 ± 3.3 0.009 20.3 ± 3.2 19.5 ± 3.5 19.6 ± 3.4
Ethnicity
 Urdu 7.0 5.5 0.0079 8.9 2.7 3.9
 Sindhi 15.0 17.8 0.0009 23.6 0.3 23.4
 Punjabi 29.0 26.5 0.0153 34.5 25.0 19.2
 Hindco 22.0 19.1 0.0019 22.4 0.6 27.8
 Saraiki 24.0 29.0 <0.0001 7.3 71.3 23.3
 Others (Pashto, Kashmiri, Balochi) 2.9 2.2 0.0578 3.3 0.1 2.3
Education status of the MWRA
 Illiterate 55.9 48.0 <0.0001 40.4 66.4 43.5
 Can read or write only/less than 1 class 1.6 3.8 <0.0001 3.1 5.3 3.4
 Primary (1 to 5) 15.5 16.0 0.5485 17.9 10.7 17.7
 Middle (6 to 8) 7.7 9.4 0.0071 11.2 6.2 9.7
 Matriculation and Higher 19.3 22.8 0.0002 27.4 11.5 25.7
Employment status of the MWRA
 Housewife 93.1 90.4 <0.0001 95.6 83.3 89.8
 Working 6.9 9.6 <0.0001 4.4 16.7 10.2
Employment status of Husbands
 Unemployed 4.6 2.9 0.0002 3.8 1.4 2.9
 Skilled Employment 60.3 52.5 <0.0001 63.2 37.6 52.1
 Unskilled Employment 27.9 30.1 0.0338 22.8 43.6 28.6
 Agriculture/farming 7.0 14.6 <0.0001 10.2 18.8 16.4