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Table 1 Patient reported experiences of disrespect and abuse

From: Applying a participatory approach to the promotion of a culture of respect during childbirth

Type of Disrespect and Abuse Baseline
Exit Interview
N = 1914
n (%)
Baseline
CFU
N = 64
n (%)
Evaluation
CFU
N = 149
n (%)
Difference between Evaluation and Baseline CFU
%
Any form of disrespect or abuse 278 (15) 50 (70) 26 (18) −52
Physical abuse 84 (5) 33 (52) 2 (1) −51
 Kicked 2 (0.1) 1 (2) 0 (0) −2
 Pinched 22 (1) 3 (5) 0 (0) −5
 Slapped 23 (1) 17 (27) 1 (1) −26
 Pushed 12 (0.6) 4 (6) 0 (0) −6
 Beaten 4 (0.2) 5 (8) 0 (0) −8
 Episiotomy without anesthesia 1 (0.1) 1 (2) 0 (0) −2
 Tied to the delivery bed 2 (0.1) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0
 Other 17 (0.9) 9 (14) 1 (1) −13
Non-consented care 4 (0.2) 3 (5) 1 (1) −4
 Abdominal Palpation 2 (0.1) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0
 Vaginal Examination 4 (0.2) 1 (2) 0 (0) −2
 Episiotomy 0 (0) 1 (2) 0 (0) −2
 Other 0 (0) 1 (2) 1 (1) −1
Non-confidential care 32 (2) 34 (54) 2 (1) −53
 Discussed personal issues in earshot of other clients 1 (0.1) 1 (2) 0 (0) −2
 Health information discussed with non-health staff 0 (0) 2 (3) 0 (0) −3
 Other 1 (0.1) 0 (0) 1 (1) 1
Lack of Privacy 35 (2) 34 (53) 5 (3) −50
 Uncovered during delivery or examination 17 (0.9) 31 (48) 4 (3) −45
 No screens blocking view during delivery or examination 16 (0.8) 29 (45) 0 (0) −45
Non-dignified care 121 (6) 34 (54) 7 (5) −49
 Shouted at 35 (2) 24 (38) 0 (0) −38
 Scolded 90 (5) 176 (25) 6 (4) −21
 Threatened to withhold services 1 (0.1) 1 (2) 0 (0) −2
 Called by insulting name 3 (0.2) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0
 Laughed at or scorned 3 (0.2) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0
 Other 12 (0.6) 1 (2) 1 (1) −1
Abandonment of care 147 (8) 33 (52) 21 (14) −38
 While in Labor 104 (5) 22 (34) 7 (5) −29
 While Delivering 60 (3) 12 (19) 11 (7) −12
 While experiencing a complication 1 (0.1) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0
 After delivery 2 (0.1) 0 (0) 2 (1) 1
 Other 5 (0.3) 0 (0) 1 (1) 1
Detention in facilities 4 (0.2) 1 (2) 1 (1) −1