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Table 2 Proportion of adequacy items (availability of human resources, equipment for maternal emergency care, medications and supportive services) according to type of hospital and availability of Intensive Care Unit (ICU) (Brazil, 2011–2012)

From: Adequacy of public maternal care services in Brazil

Adequacy items ICU available   ICU not available  
  Public % (n) Mixed % (n) p value* Public % (n) Mixed % (n) p value*
Human resources
 Presence of a nurse or physician who risk-stratified each presenting pregnant woman 71.0 (132) 33.0 (130) <0.001 42.8 (137) 51.8 (127) 0.033
 Obstetrician 24 h 93.0 (174) 80.5 (318) <0.001 85.3 (273) 40.8 (100) <0.001
 Anesthesiologist 24 h 81.7 (152) 46.6 (184) <0.001 47.0 (151) 15.0 (37) <0.001
 Medical director of obstetrics with specialized training in obstetrics 96.2 (179) 88.9 (351) 0.006 -   
 Nursing director of obstetrics with specialized training in obstetrics 52.9 (99) 52.3 (206) 0.818 -   
Equipment for the emergency care of pregnant women
 Laryngoscopes and orotracheal tubes, 100 (187) 99.5 (393) 0.330 87.5 (281) 95.5 (235) 0.001
 Mechanical ventilators 88.7 (165) 89.4 (353) 0.812 66.0 (212) 91.0 (223) <0.001
 Manual resuscitators 100 (187) 99.5 (393) 0.330 95.0 (305) 100 (246) < 0.001
Medications
 Antihypertensives 99.5 (185) 100 (395) 0.145 100 (320) 100 (246) -
 Anxiolytics/Hypnotics 94.7 (177) 99.0 (391) < 0.001 96.0 (308) 89.8 (221) 0.004
 Corticosteroids 100 (187) 99.2 (391) 0.232 97.5 (313) 98.0 (241) 0.717
 Ocytocics 100.0 (187) 100 (395) - 100 (320) 100 (246) -
 Tocolytics 97.3 (181) 96.7 (382) 0.696 100 (320) 100 (246) -
 Antihemorrhagics for women 86.6 (161) 87.1 (344) 0.860 76.9 (246) 95.9 (235) <0.001
 Magnesium sulfate 100.0 (187) 97.2 (384) 0.021 98.4 (315) 100 (246) 0.049
 Anti-D immunoglobulin for Rh-negative women 95.2 (177) 94.4 (373) 0.715 76.9 (247) 92.3 (227) <0.001
Support services
 Clinical Pathology Laboratory 98.9 (184) 82.8 (327) < 0.001 87.9 (282) 67.1 (165) < 0.001
 Ambulance for transport of the women 97.8 (182) 89.1 (351) <0.001 97.2 (312) 82.1 (202) < 0.001
 Blood bank or Transfusion unit 89.8 (167) 86.8 (343) 0.311 56.6 (181) 56.5 (139) 0.989
  1. *Chi-square test