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Table 1 Percent distribution of puerperal women (n = 23,894) included in a study of hospitalization for childbirth care by maternal characteristics, Brazil, 2011–2012

From: Factors associated with maternal near miss in childbirth and the postpartum period: findings from the birth in Brazil National Survey, 2011–2012

Characteristic Number Percent
Maternal age (years)
 12–19 4571 19.1
 20–34 16,807 70.4
 35 and over 2509 10.5
Schooling level (years)
 15 or more 2107 8.9
 11–14 9263 39.0
 8–10 6086 25.6
 0–7 6322 26.6
Skin color
 White 8077 33.8
 Mixed 13,404 56.1
 Black 2051 8.6
 East Asian 257 1.1
 Indigenous 99 0.4
Conjugal situation
 With partner 19,440 81.4
 Without partner 4432 18.6
Number of previous births
 0 11,208 46.9
 1 7014 29.4
 2–3 4501 18.8
 4 or more 1171 4.9
Previous C-section
 0 18,779 78.6
 1 3905 16.3
 2 or more 1211 5.1
Number of Antenatal care visits
 0 286 1.2
 1–3 2123 9.1
 4–5 4110 17.6
 6 or more 16,898 72.1
Number of services before admission to childbirth care
 0 20,005 83.8
 1 3302 13.8
 2 or more 569 2.4
Clinical or obstetric complications
 No 19,264 80.6
 Yes 4630 19.4
Type of clinical or obstetric complicationsa
 Hypertensive disorders 2656 11.1
 Diabetes mellitus 1968 8.2
 Placental abruption 310 1.3
 Placenta previa 116 0.5
 Maternal infections 83 0.3
 HIV infection 96 0.4
Type of delivery
 Vaginal 11,152 46.7
 Elective C-section 10,436 43.7
 Intrapartum C-section 1959 8.2
 Forceps 347 1.5
  1. Totals for these variables vary because of missing values
  2. aOnly women with clinical or obstetric complications (n = 4630)