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Table 2 Characteristics of postpartum women according to type of provider who assisted in each birth. Brazil, 2011–2012

From: Labor and birth care by nurse with midwifery skills in Brazil

   Provider who assisted in each birth (N = 11,499) p-value*
Physicians (%) Nurses/nurse-midwives (%)
Age (years) 12 to 19 25.5 22.4 0.040
20 to 34 66.8 70.0
≥35 7.7 7.6
Self-reported skin color/race White 27.5 26.8 0.261
Black 10.5 8.3
Brown 60.2 63.8
Yellow 1.1 0.9
Indigenous 0.7 0.2
Marital status With partner 79.1 77.2 0.243
Without partner 20.9 22.8
Socioeconomic status A/B 14.7 13.2 0.592
C 54.9 57.6
D/E 30.4 29.2
Years of education <8 34.2 32.9 0.362
8 to 11 30.0 30.5
≥12 35.8 36.6
Parity Nulliparous 43.6 39.0 0.002
1–2 births 43.6 44.8
≥3 births 12.8 16.2
Obstetric risk Low 64.3 63.9 0.854
High 35.7 36.1
  1. * p-value of chi-square tests of comparison between physicians and nurses/midwives