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Table 3 Adjusted ORs for the use of good practices and obstetric interventions during labor e birth according to type of provider who assisted in each birth. Brazil, 2011–2012

From: Labor and birth care by nurse with midwifery skills in Brazil

  Provider who assisted in each birth (N = 11,499) ORa  
Physicians (%) Nurses/nurse-midwives (%) Total (%) 95 % CI
Best practices during labor
 Free intake of liquids and solids (ad lib. diet) 26.1 48.7 29.8 2.35 1.62–3.39
 Mobility during labor 47.9 61.1 50.1 1.74 1.29–2.34
 Use of nonpharmacological pain relief 28.7 45.1 31.3 1.87 1.29–2.72
 Monitoring progress of labor using a partograph 51.9 68.3 54.6 1.94 1.15–3.29
Interventions during labor
 Peripheral venous catheter 72.3 64.7 71.1 0.66 0.43–1.03
 Oxytocin drip 47.2 47.3 47.2 0.90 0.59–1.37
 Amniotomy 53.9 50.6 53.3 0.83 0.57–1.21
 Spinal/epidural analgesia 11.1 4.8 10.1 0.29 0.12–0.72
Interventions during birth
 Lithotomy position 92.8 87.5 92.0 0.44 0.25–0.77
 Uterine fundal pressure (Kristeller) 38.7 27.2 36.8 0.56 0.41–0.76
 Episiotomy 57.7 38.9 54.6 0.42 0.26–0.67
  1. 95 % CI 95 % confidence interval, OR odds ratio
  2. aModel adjusted for geographical region, location, age, years of education, source payment and parity