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Table 3 Logistic Regressions predicting five birth outcomes from reported outside uterotonics, adjusted odds ratios (singleton, term births ≥ 37 weeks, n = 22426)

From: Perinatal mortality associated with use of uterotonics outside of Comprehensive Emergency Obstetric and Neonatal Care: a cross-sectional study

  Outcome
Predictor Fresh Stillbirth Macerated Stillbirth Early Neonatal Death Intrapartum causes (Birth Asphyxia) All Perinatal Deaths
Outside uterotonics 4 · 0*** (3 · 0,5 · 3) 0 · 8 (0 · 4,1 · 7) 2 · 9*** (2 · 1,4 · 0) 3 · 1** (2 · 2,4 · 5) 3 · 0*** (2 · 4,3 · 7)
Labor duration
 <12 h ref. ref. ref. ref. ref.
 12–24 h 3 · 1*** (2 · 1,4 · 4) 1 · 9* (1 · 0,3 · 5) 1 · 9** (1 · 3,2 · 9) 2 · 1** (1 · 3,3 · 3) 2 · 5*** (1.9,3.2)
 >24 h 2 · 5*** (1 · 5,4 · 3) 1 · 7 (0 · 7,3 · 8) 1 · 0 (0 · 4,2 · 3) 1 · 1 (0 · 5,2 · 8) 1 · 8** (1 · 2,2 · 6)
 Missing 2 · 4*** (1 · 5,3 · 9) 2 · 6* (1 · 1,6 · 0) 1 · 3 (0 · 9,1 · 9) 1 · 2 (0 · 8,1 · 9) 1 · 7*** (1 · 3,2 · 3)
Pre-eclampsia
 none ref. ref. ref. ref. ref.
 moderate 2 · 0 (0.5,8.4) 1 · 7 (0.2,12.2) 2 · 0 (0.5,8.2) 2 · 8 (0.7,11.5) 2 · 0 (0.8,5.0)
 severe 4 · 5*** (2.7,7.6) 3 · 0** (1.5,6.3) 2 · 6** (1.4,4.7) 3 · 3*** (1.8,6.2) 3 · 6*** (2.5,5.1)
Eclampsia 4 · 7*** (2.8,7.9) NA 4 · 7*** (2.8,7.8) 5 · 6*** (3.2,9.7) 3 · 7** (2.5,5.4)
Hospital-based Uterotonic Augmentation
 No ref. ref. ref. ref. ref.
 Yes 1 · 0 (0 · 5,1 · 9) 2 · 4 (0 · 5,10 · 9) 0 · 6 (0 · 4,1 · 1) 0 · 7 (0 · 3,1 · 4) 0 · 8 (0 · 5,1 · 3)
 Unknown 1 · 2 (0 · 6,2 · 5) 5 · 8* (1 · 3,27 · 0) 0 · 8 (0 · 5,1 · 5) 1 · 1 (0 · 5,2 · 3) 1 · 3 (0 · 8,2 · 0)
Cesarian Section
 No ref. ref. ref. ref. ref.
 Yes 0 · 3*** (0 · 2,0 · 4) 0 · 1*** (0 · 0,0 · 2) 2 · 0*** (1 · 6,2 · 6) 2 · 1*** (1 · 6,2 · 8) 0 · 7*** (0 · 5,0 · 8)
  1. Adjusted Odds Ratio with 95 % CI in parentheses, adjusted for length of labor, hospital-based uterotonic augmentation or induction, pre-eclampsia, eclampsia, and Cesarian section
  2. Note: ref reference category
  3. ***p < 0.001, **p < 0.01, *p < 0.05