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Table 2 Sociodemographic and delivery characteristics by FGM type

From: Episiotomy and obstetric outcomes among women living with type 3 female genital mutilation: a secondary analysis

  Full sample (n = 26,640) No FGM (n = 6,696) Type 3 FGM (n = 6,187) Other FGM (n = 13,591)
FGM status (%) 24.0 25.2 23.4 51.3
Episiotomy (%)a, b
 None 57.3 71.1 13.8 70.4
 Anterior 6.9 2.5 18.0 4.0
 Posterior Lateral 21.5 25.4 12.3 23.7
 Anterior and Posterior 13.6 0.6 54.5 1.3
 Other 0.7 0.4 1.2 0.6
Age (mean) a, b 26.3 25.1 27.1 26.5
Urban Residence a, b 62.7 59.3 71.9 60.3
Education (%) a, b
 No education 31.8 34.3 16.6 37.5
 Non-formal 8.0 5.6 4.0 11.0
 Primary 26.7 32.2 26.6 24.1
 Secondary 25.0 23.1 38.4 19.9
 Tertiary 8.4 4.8 14.4 7.5
Socioeconomic status (%)a, b
 Low 35.6 38.2 16.7 42.8
 Medium 61.0 58.8 79.6 53.7
 High 3.4 3.0 3.7 3.5
Country (%) a, b
 Burkina Faso 17.0 13.2 9.3 22.5
 Ghana 10.9 25.7 0.5 8.4
 Kenya 18.9 8.9 0.6 31.9
 Nigeria 14.6 23.3 6.4 14.1
 Senegal 12.5 10.2 0.4 18.4
 Sudan 26.5 18.7 82.7 4.8
Any Previous Births (%) a 64.1 60.1 65.0 65.7
Pelvic introitus width a, b (mean fingerbreadths) 2.46 2.58 2.39 2.49
Anal sphincter tear (3rd or 4th Degree) (%)a, b 7.5 8.6 1.9 9.5
Intrapartum Blood Loss (requiring intervention) (%) a, b 1.4 1.4 0.6 1.7
Postpartum haemorrhage (%)a, b 6.2 4.8 3.4 8.2
  1. a Type 3 statistically different from No FGM; b Type 3 statistically different from other FGM types