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Table 6 Unadjusted and adjusted odds ratio of intrapartum haemorrhage among women with FGM Type 3 by episiotomy type

From: Episiotomy and obstetric outcomes among women living with type 3 female genital mutilation: a secondary analysis

  Model 1: Unadjusted odds ratio (95 % CI) Model 2: Adjusted odds ratio (95 % CI)
Episiotomy type
 None (comparison) 1.00 1.00
 Anterior 0.07 (0.004–1.2) 0.08 (0.005–1.31)
 Posterior lateral 0.35 (0.07–1.68) 0.33 (0.05–2.14)
 Anterior & Posterior lateral 0.03 (0.005–0.21)*** 0.03 (0.004–0.27)***
 Other 1.04 (0.25–4.34) 0.91 (0.12–7.04)
Obstetric characteristics
 Parity -- 0.57 (0.23–1.43)
 Pelvic introitus -- 1.18 (0.53–2.34)
Demographic characteristics
 Age -- 1.00 (0.93–1.07)
 Education -- 0.91 (0.60–1.39)
 SES -- 1.08 (0.32–3.63)
  1. ***p ≤ 0.001, ***p ≤ 0.05
  2. Adjusted for clustering at the centre level (n = 28)
  3. Note: Pelvic introitus assessed by fingerbreadths