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Table 2 Awareness of menstruation prior to menarche

From: Mapping the knowledge and understanding of menarche, menstrual hygiene and menstrual health among adolescent girls in low- and middle-income countries

First author, Year Country Setting School status N Aware
North Africa
 Eswi 2012 [45] Egypt Urban School-going 200 74.0%
South Asia
 Bosch 2008 [28] Bangladesh Rural Unclear 156 35.0%
 Khanna 2005 [1] India Mix Out-of-school 358 5.6%
 Dambhare 2012 [32] India Mix School-going 561 75.6%
 Juyal 2013 [65] India Mix School-going 453 64.5%
 Khanna 2005 [1] India Mix School-going 372 9.8%
 Thakre 2011 [12] India Mix School-going 387 37.0%
 Khanna 2005 [1] India Rural Mix NRa 2.8%
 Dasgupta 2008 [8] India Rural School-going 160 67.5%
 Shanbhag 2012 [10] India Rural School-going 329 57.9%
 Sudeshna 2012 [15] India Rural School-going 190 47.4%
 Dhingra 2009 [29] India Rural Unclear 200 64.0%
 Tiwari 2006 [11] India Unclear School-going 763 62.7%
 Khanna 2005 [1] India Urban Mix NRa 12.1%
 Omidvar 2010 [46] India Urban School-going 336 64.5%
 Yasmin 2013 [13] India Urban School-going 147 42.2%
 Bobhate 2011 [7] India Urban Unclear 241 20.3%
 Udgiri 2010 [23] India Urban Unclear 342 18.4%
 Ali 2010 [6] Pakistan Urban Government school 425 47.8%
 Ali 2010 [6] Pakistan Urban Out-of-school 425 38.8%
 Ali 2010 [6] Pakistan Urban Private school 425 34.1%
West Asia
 Reis 2011 [27] Turkey Urban Mix 310 67.4%
 Ersoy 2004 [2] Turkey Urban School-going 1017 100.0%
  1. NR Not reported
  2. aOf 730 girls, the number in rural versus urban settings was not specified