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Table 2 Bivariate association between modern contraceptive use and various background characteritics

From: Determinants of modern contraceptive use among sexually active men in Kenya

  Partner method vs. None/traditional method Male method vs. None/traditional method
Characteristics
Socio-demographic factors
 Age
  15–24 1.00    1.00   
  25–34 3.83 *** [3.11–4.72] 0.41 *** [0.35-0.47]
  35–54 3.57 *** [2.90-4.39] 0.14 *** [0.12-0.17]
 Living children
  None 1.00    1.00   
  1-2 5.58 *** [4.29-7.27] 0.27 *** [0.22-0.33]
  3+ 4.47 *** [3.54-5.66] 0.11 *** [0.09-0.14]
 Age of last child
  No child 1.00    1.00   
  0–2 years 4.68 *** [3.64-6.03] 0.15 *** [0.12-0.19]
  3+ years 5.26 *** [4.17-6.63] 0.20 *** [0.16-0.24]
 Residence
  Urban 1.00    1.00   
  Rural 0.71 *** [0.61-0.84] 0.81 * [0.67-0.97]
 Region
  Nairobi 1.00    1.00   
  Central 0.09 *** [0.04-0.19] 0.08 *** [0.04-0.19]
  Coast 1.74 *** [1.32-2.29] 1.44 * [1.09-1.90]
  Eastern 2.30 *** [1.75-3.03] 1.61 *** [1.21-2.14]
  Nyanza 1.23   [0.98-1.54] 1.28 * [1.01-1.63]
  Rift valley 1.59 ** [1.17-2.18] 1.24   [0.94-1.64]
  Western 1.85 *** [1.45-2.36] 1.90 *** [1.47-2.46]
  North Eastern 2.35 *** [1.67-3.31] 2.08 ** [1.32-3.29]
 Marital status
  Never married 1.00    1.00   
  Currently married 4.37 *** [3.51-5.45] 0.09 *** [0.07-0.10]
  Formerly married 1.90 *** [1.29-2.79] 0.53 *** [0.40-0.69]
 Religion
  Catholic 1.00    1.00   
  Potestant 1.03   [0.87-1.22] 0.91   [0.77-1.08]
  Muslim 0.33 *** [0.24-0.45] 0.46 ** [0.32-0.66]
  No religion 0.48 *** [0.34-0.69] 0.72   [0.51-1.03]
 Number of wives
  No wives/partners 1.00    1.00   
  1 wife 3.77 *** [3.12-4.57] 0.09 *** [0.08-0.11]
  2 and more wives 2.59 *** [1.81-3.70] 0.10 *** [0.06-0.16]
 Age at first marriage
  Never married 1.00    1.00   
  11–24 years 4.10 *** [3.26-5.16] 0.14 *** [0.11-0.16]
  25 and more years 4.24 *** [3.35-5.38] 0.11 *** [0.09-0.14]
 Age at first intercourse
  Less than 14 years 1.00    1.00   
  14–17 years 0.97   [0.78-1.20] 0.86   [0.70-1.07]
  18–24 years 1.16   [0.94-1.45] 0.83   [0.67-1.04]
  25 and more years 0.78   [0.57-1.07] 0.27 *** [0.16-0.44]
 Marital duration
  Never married 1.00    1.00   
  0–9 years 4.31 *** [3.39-5.48] 0.14 *** [0.11-0.17]
  10+ years 4.05 *** [3.23-5.09] 0.11 *** [0.09-0.14]
Socio-economic factors
 Wealth index
  Low 1.00    1.00   
  Medium 2.19 *** [1.87-2.58] 1.71 *** [1.44-2.03]
  High 2.67 *** [2.25-3.18] 1.81 *** [1.48-2.22]
 Education
  None 1.00    1.00   
  Primary 6.63 *** [4.25-10.33] 4.15 *** [2.61-6.60]
  Secondary/Higher 9.27 *** [5.90-14.57] 7.04 *** [4.38-11.31]
 Currently working
  No 1.00    1.00   
  Yes 4.55 *** [3.23-6.40] 0.50 *** [0.41-0.62]
Interaction with health system
 Discussed FP with health worker
  No 1.00    1.00   
  Yes 1.71 *** [1.42-2.07] 0.84   [0.65-1.09]
Behavioral/attitudinal factors
 Fertility preference
  Want another child 1.00    1.00   
  Undecided 1.30   [0.82-2.05] 1.25   [0.66-2.38]
  Want no more 1.36 *** [1.16-1.60] 1.13   [0.83-1.54]
  No regular partner 0.36 *** [0.29-0.44] 11.21 *** [8.63-14.57]
 Contraception is a woman’s business
  Disagree 1.00    1.00   
  Agree 0.74 ** [0.61-0.89] 0.81 * [0.66-0.99]
  Don’t know 0.09 *** [0.03-0.28] 0.50 * [0.29-0.85]
 Women who use contraception become promiscous
  Disagree 1.00    1.00   
  Agree 0.60 *** [0.52-0.69] 1.01   [0.86-1.18]
  Don’t know 0.42 *** [0.30-0.58] 0.68 * [0.48-0.97]
 Number of sexual partners
  1 partner 1.00    1.00   
  2–5 partners 2.02 *** [1.61-2.53] 1.19   [0.96-1.47]
  6+ partners 2.37 *** [1.87-3.01] 1.11   [0.87-1.40]
Access
 Frequency of reading newspaper/magazine
  Not at all 1.00    1.00   
  Less than once a week 1.49 *** [1.23-1.81] 1.38 ** [1.11-1.71]
  At least once a week 2.11 *** [1.83-2.45] 1.56 *** [1.31-1.87]
 Frequency of listening to radio
  Not at all 1.00    1.00   
  Less than once a week 1.62 * [1.01-2.60] 2.04 *** [1.37-3.04]
  At least once a week 2.56 *** [1.80-3.63] 2.32 *** [1.66-3.23]
 Frequency of watching TV
  Not at all 1.00    1.00   
  Less than once a week 1.65 *** [1.35-2.01] 1.65 *** [1.31-2.09]
  At least once a week 2.29 *** [1.92-2.73] 1.95 *** [1.61-2.35]
  1. * p < .05; ** p < .01; ***p < .001