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Table 3 Odds ratio of modern contraceptive use among sexually active men in Kenya

From: Determinants of modern contraceptive use among sexually active men in Kenya

  Partner method vs. None/traditional method Male method vs. None/traditional method Partner method vs. None/traditional method Male method vs. None/traditional method Partner method vs. None/traditional method Male method vs. None/traditional method Partner method vs. None/traditional method Male method vs. None/traditional method Partner method vs. None/traditional method Male method vs. None/traditional method
Characteristics
Socio-demographic factors Model I Model II   Model III Model IV Model V
 Age
  15–24 1.00    1.00                          
  25–34 2.07 *** [1.60-2.68] 1.08   [0.90-1.30]                        
  35–54 1.66 *** [1.27-2.18] 0.80   [0.61-1.04]                        
 Residence
  Urban 1.00    1.00                          
  Rural 0.75 *** [0.64-0.88] 0.91   [0.76-1.09]                        
 Region
  Nairobi 1.00    1.00                          
  Central 0.12 *** [0.05-0.26] 0.18 *** [0.08-0.40]                        
  Coast 1.65 *** [1.25-2.19] 1.40 * [1.00-1.95]                        
  Eastern 2.00 *** [1.47-2.72] 1.63 ** [1.18-2.26]                        
  Nyanza 1.10   [0.86-1.42] 1.32   [0.98-1.77]                        
  Rift valley 1.40   [1.00-1.96] 1.42 * [1.01-2.00]                        
  Western 1.47   [1.11-1.95] 2.63 *** [1.92-3.62]                        
  North Eastern 1.71 * [1.17-2.49] 1.98 *** [1.25-3.13]                        
 Marital status
  Never married 1.00    1.00                          
  Currently married 3.38 *** [2.56-4.47] 0.09 *** [0.07-0.12]                        
  Formerly married 1.48 * [0.98-2.22] 0.61 *** [0.46-0.81]                        
 Religion
  Catholic 1.00    1.00                          
  Potestant 1.07   [0.90-1.28] 0.93   [0.76-1.14]                        
  Muslim 0.52 *** [0.36-0.77] 0.89   [0.60-1.32]                        
  No religion 0.58 ** [0.41-0.82] 0.74   [0.50-1.10]                        
 Age at first intercourse
  Less than 14 years 1.00    1.00                          
  14–17 years 0.94   [0.75-1.18] 0.97   [0.77-1.22]                        
  18–24 years 1.03   [0.81-1.31] 1.13   [0.89-1.44]                        
  25 and more years 0.68 * [0.49-0.95] 0.76   [0.95-2.44]                        
Socio-economic factors
 Wealth index
  Low        1.00    1.00                    
  Medium        1.85 *** [1.57-2.19] 1.48 *** [1.23-1.78]                  
  High        2.10 *** [1.74-2.53] 1.39 ** [1.13-1.72]                  
 Education
  None        1.00    1.00                    
  Primary        5.00 *** [3.18-7.85] 3.70 *** [2.30-5.94]                  
  Secondary/Higher        6.19 *** [3.89-9.82] 5.57 *** [3.42-9.06]                  
 Currently working
  No        1.00    1.00                    
  Yes        4.48 *** [3.16-6.35] 0.52 *** [0.42-0.64]                  
Interaction with health system
 Discussed FP with health worker
  No              1.00    1.00              
  Yes              1.71 *** [1.41-2.07] 0.84 [0.65-1.09]             
Behavioral/attitudinal factors
 Fertility preference
  Want another child                   1.00    1.00         
  Undecided                   1.29   [0.81-2.05] 1.24   [0.65-2.37]       
  Want no more                   1.31 *** [1.12-1.54] 1.10   [0.81-1.50]       
  No regular partner                   0.39 *** [0.32-0.48] 11.87 *** [9.08-15.51]       
 Contraception is a woman’s business
  Disagree                   1.00    1.00         
  Agree                   0.87   [0.71-1.06] 0.82   [0.65-1.04]       
  Don’t know                   0.18 ** [0.05-0.65] 0.35 *** [0.19-0.64]       
 Women who use contraception become promiscous
  Disagree                   1.00    1.00         
  Agree                   0.64 *** [0.55-0.74] 0.92   [0.76-1.10]       
  Don’t know                   0.58 ** [0.41-0.83] 0.83   [0.54-1.27]       
 Number of sexual partners
  1partner                   1.00    1.00         
  2–5 partners                   1.69 *** [1.34-2.14] 1.65 *** [1.28-2.12]       
  6+ partners                   1.93 *** [1.51-2.48] 1.72 *** [1.32-2.24]       
Access
 Frequency of reading newspaper/magazine
  Not at all                         1.00    1.00   
  Less than once a week                         1.29 * [1.06-1.57] 1.19   [0.96-1.47]
  At least once a week                         1.63 *** [1.39-1.90] 1.24 * [1.02-1.49]
 Frequency of listening to radio
  Not at all                         1.00    1.00   
  Less than once a week                         1.46   [0.91-2.36] 1.83 ** [1.23-2.73]
  At least once a week                         1.82 *** [1.26-2.61] 1.77 *** [1.25-2.50]
 Frequency of watching TV
  Not at all                         1.00    1.00   
  Less than once a week                         1.39 ** [1.12-1.71] 1.45 ** [1.14-1.84]
  At least once a week                         1.67 *** [1.37-2.04] 1.66 *** [1.35-2.04]
  1. * p < .05; ** p < .01; ***p < .001