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Table 1 Characteristics of the women with and without facility delivery and unadjusted odds of facility delivery

From: The influence of quality maternity waiting homes on utilization of facilities for delivery in rural Zambia

Characteristic Sample distribution n = 17,200 (%) Delivered in a facility N = 10,069 (%) Delivered at home N = 7131 (%) Unadjusted odds of delivering in a facility
Woman’s age in years (%)
 15–19 22.4 25.6 17.8 1.0
 20–24 27.5 26.6 28.8 0.64 (0.59, 0.70)***
 25–34 36.3 34.6 38.8 0.62 (0.57, 0.67)***
 35–49 13.8 13.3 14.5 0.64 (0.57, 0.71)***
Age in years (median, IQR) 25.0 (20.0-31.0) 24.0 (19.0-30.0) 25.0 (21.0-31.0)  
Household size (median, IQR) 6.0 (4.0-8.0) 6.0 (4–8) 6.0 (4–8)  
Currently married (%)
 No 14.6 17.4 10.6 1.0
 Yes 85.4 82.6 89.4 0.56 (0.51, 0.62)***
Mother’s highest education (%)
 None (0) 8.3 7.0 10.2 1.0
 Any primary (1–7) 55.0 50.0 62.1 1.17 (1.05, 1.31)**
 More than primary (7+) 36.7 43.0 27.7 2.27 (2.02, 2.55)***
Asset quartile (%)
 First/poorest 26.6 25.7 27.7 1.0
 Second 24.5 22.9 26.9 0.92 (0.84, 0.99)*
 Third 24.7 24.8 24.6 1.09 (0.99, 1.18)
 Fourth/highest 24.2 26.6 20.8 1.38 (1.27, 1.51)***
Parity (%)
 0 22.3 27.7 15.6 1.0
 1 17.7 17.5 18.1 0.51 (0.46, 0.56)***
  > = 2 60.0 54.8 67.4 0.43 (0.39, 0.46)***
Distance to health facility ≥ 2 h (%)**a
 No 62.7 69.1 53.6 1.0
 Yes 37.3 30.9 46.4 0.52 (0.49, 0.55)***
4 ANC visits (%)
 No 55.0 48.7 63.9 1.0
 Yes 45.0 51.3 36.1 1.87 (1.75, 1.99)***
Mother HIV positive (%)
 No 94.4 92.8 96.8 1.0
 Yes 5.6 7.2 3.2 2.34 (2.00, 2.74)***
  1. aSelf-reported time from home to nearest health facility
  2. *p <0.05, **p <0.01, ***p <0.001