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Table 1 Study characteristics and summary findings

From: Methods used in prevalence studies of disrespect and abuse during facility based childbirth: lessons learned

  Abuya_2015_Exploring Prevalence of Disrespect and Abuse during Childbirth in Kenya Asefa_2015_Status of respectful and non-abusive care during facility-based childbirth in a hospital and health centers in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Kruk_2014_Disrespectful and abusive treatment during facility delivery in Tanzania- a facility and community survey Okafor_2014_Disrespect and abuse in childbirth in Nigeria Sando_2014_The Prevalence of disrespect and abuse during facility-based childbirth in urban Tanzania.
Study Characteristics
Study design Cross-sectional Cross-sectional Cross-sectional Cross-sectional Cross-sectional
Study setting Thirteen facilities in both rural and urban Kenya Four facilities (1 specialized hospital and 3 health centers) in Ethiopia Eight facilities (2 district hospitals, 5 health centers and 1 dispensary) in rural, Tanzania One referral hospital in southeastern Nigeria One referral facility in urban, Tanzania
Number of participants 641 women 173 women 1779 women 446 women 1914 women
Prevalence estimates (%) Exit Interview n = 641 Exit Interview n = 173 Exit Interview n = 1779 Follow-up survey n = 546 Written survey at 4–6 weeks postpartum n = 446 Exit Interview n = 1914 Follow-up survey n = 64
Overall prevalence 20 78.6 19.48 28.21 98 15 70
Physical abuse 4.2 32.9 2.9 5.08 35.7 5 52
Non dignified care 18 12.1 12.89 18.92 29.6 6 53
Non consented care 8.5 21.4 4.39 0.17 26 2 5
Non confidential care 4.3 94.8 0.06 6.16 54.5 0.2 54
Abandonment 14.3 39.3 8.53 15.54 29.1 8 52
Inappropriate demand for payment 0.9   1.78 3.07    
Detention 8.1 0.6 0.17 0.34 22 0.2 2
Discrimination   19.7    20   
Lack of privacy       2 53