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Table 2 Knowledge and perceptions on drinking during pregnancy and on breastfeeding according to drinking behaviour, parity and educational level (France, 2012, N = 3603)

From: Warning about drinking during pregnancy: lessons from the French experience

In your opinion, do you think that… Total Non-drinkers (N = 1751) Drinkersa(N = 1852) p Primiparous (N = 1572) Multiparous (N = 2031) p < High school (N = 1019) ≥ High school (N = 2583) p
N % % % % % % %
1–2 drinks/day may be harmful to the foetus .001    .922    <.001
 Yes 3319 92.1 89.2 94.9   92.3 92.0   85.7 94.7  
 No 110 3.1 3.7 2.5   2.9 3.2   4.8 2.4  
 Do not know 173 4.8 7.1 2.6   4.8 4.8   9.4 3.0  
1–2 occasional drinks may be harmful to the foetus <.001    .536    .001
 Yes 2239 62.2 63.8 60.6   63.1 61.4   58.5 63.6  
 No 653 18.1 14.9 21.1   17.9 18.3   18.0 18.2  
 Do not know 710 19.7 21.3 18.2   19.0 20.3   23.5 18.2  
Only one binge drinking episode may be harmful to the foetus .079    .366    .061
 Yes 3225 89.5 88.6 90.4   89.9 89.2   87.9 90.2  
 No 216 6.0 6.1 5.9   5.4 6.5   6.4 5.8  
 Do not know 161 4.5 5.2 3.7   4.7 4.3   5.7 4.0  
Spirits are more harmful than wine or beer <.001    .552    <.001
 Yes 1470 40.8 40.8 40.8   39.8 41.6   45.3 39.0  
 No 1728 48.0 44.9 50.9   48.7 47.5   41.2 50.7  
 Do not know 404 11.2 14.3 8.2   11.5 11.0   13.5 10.3  
Drinking beer during breastfeeding is recommended <.001    .721    <.001
 Yes 319 8.9 7.0 10.7   8.5 9.2   11.2 7.9  
 No 2845 79.0 79.3 78.6   79.2 78.8   73.5 81.1  
 Do not know 438 12.2 13.7 10.7   12.3 12.0   15.2 10.9  
  1. aDrinkers were defined as women who had reported drinking alcohol before pregnancy