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Table 6 Adverse Delivery Outcomes among Women with SMM

From: A global view of severe maternal morbidity: moving beyond maternal mortality

Author City/State, Country SMM Definition Adverse Delivery outcomea Estimated Prevalenceb
Adeoye 2013 [66] Ile-Ife, Nigeria Filippi et al. 2005 Fetal death 28.4
Low birth weight 44.4
Pretermc 41.3
Koch [38] Illinois, United States ICU admission, ≥4 units packed red blood cells Fetal death 8.9
NICU 39.7
Apgar < 7 16.9
Low birth weight 31.2
Preterm 38.1
Lawton 2017 [personal communication] New Zealand ICU/HDU admission Fetal death 5.1
NICU 44.1
Preterm 38.5
Jakobsson 2015 [65] Finland abnormally invasive placenta, uterine rupture, emergency peripartum hysterectomy Fetal death 7.5
NICU 31.2
Apgar < 7 19
Low birth weight 16.1
Preterm 22.3
Nakimuli 2015 [85] Kampala, Uganda WHO Fetal death 12.0
NICU 18.4
Low birth weight 15.8
Nardello 2017 [68] Aracaju, Brazil WHO Fetal death 8.9
NICU 41.8
Apgar < 7 12.5
Low birth weight 36.7
Preterm 38
Oliveira 2013 [114] Recife, Brazil WHO Fetal death 19.5
Apgar < 7 9.0
  1. aAdverse delivery outcomes are defined as:
  2. • 5 min Apgar score < 7
  3. • birthweight less than 2500 g
  4. • < 37 weeks gestational age
  5. bpercent of SMM cases with adverse delivery outcome
  6. c < 38 weeks gestational age at delivery